An Introduction to Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy
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An advanced question pack on civil liberties and civil rights from Saylor Academy.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Do civil liberties protect citizens from the federal government and states as well?
They apply to the federal government and evenly across states.
They apply only to the federal government.
They apply to the federal government and states, but unevenly across states.
They apply primarily to states.
How do civil rights and civil liberties differ?
Civil liberties protect citizens from the government, and civil rights describe government’s responsibility to protect citizens.
Civil rights protect citizens from the government, and civil liberties describe government’s responsibility to protect citizens.
The terms can be used interchangeably.
Civil liberties protect citizens from the federal government, and civil rights protect citizens from state governments.
What are civil liberties?
Individual rights and freedoms that the government may not infringe on.
Group rights and freedoms that the government may not infringe on.
The laws that states provide to ensure the protection of its citizens.
Laws that provide for the welfare of citizens.
What are civil rights?
Privileges afforded to African Americans by state governments.
Protections against discrimination that focus on equal access to society and political life.
Protections against abuses of power from the federal government.
Protections against abuses of power from the federal and state governments.
What is judicial review?
It is the principle that allows Congress to decide if court decisions are constitutional.
It is the principle that allows the president to decide if court decisions are constitutional.
It is the principle that allows the president to decide if congressional decisions are constitutional.
It is the principle that allows the court to decide if congressional decisions are constitutional.
What is selective incorporation?
It allowed the court to use the Fourteenth Amendment to incorporate the protections afforded to citizens by the Bill of Rights to actions by the Federal government.
It allowed the court to use the Fourteenth Amendment to incorporate the protections afforded to citizens by the Bill of Rights to actions by state and local governments
It allowed the court to use the Sixteenth Amendment to incorporate the protections afforded to citizens by the Bill of Rights to actions by state and local governments.
It allowed the court to use the Fifteenth Amendment to incorporate the protections afforded to citizens by the Bill of Rights to actions by state and local governments.
What Supreme Court case established the principle of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Plessy v. Ferguson
It was actually established in the Constitution, not in any specific court case.
What was the first constitutional address of the civil rights of African Americans?
The Bill of Rights.
The Preamble to the Constitution.
The Civil War amendments.
What were the early colonists seeking in the new land in terms of religion?
Religious freedom for all.
Freedom for Catholics.
A government that did not endorse any specific religion.
The freedom to practice their own religion.
Where are civil liberties primarily defined?
Article II of the Constitution
Article I of the Constitution
The Bill of Rights
Which amendment contains the equal protection clause?
The Fifteenth Amendment
The Sixteenth Amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment
It is not in an amendment.
Why did the founders believe it was important to include protections of civil liberties in the new government?
To address their fears about the citizens’ ability to wield power in the new government.
To address their fears about the new federal government’s potential to abuse power.
To address their fears about the new state governments’ potential to abuse power.
To maintain an ability to collect taxes.
How did the court rule to protect marital privacy in Griswold v. Connecticut?
They ruled that citizens did not have to testify against their spouses.
They ruled that sexual relations between married citizens were not subject to legal restrictions.
They ruled that the press could not investigate the spouse of a political leader.
They ruled that a state's ban on the use of contraceptives violated the right to marital privacy.
How have scholars defined the right to privacy?
As an expression of one's personality or personhood, focusing upon the right of the individual to define his or her essence as a human being.
As the moral freedom of the individual to engage in his or her own thoughts, actions, and decisions.
As citizens' ability to regulate information about themselves.
All of the above
How would you characterize the recommendations of the authors of the book Imbalance of Powers?
They seem to be making recommendations that would further limit civil liberties.
Their recommendations seem very supportive of the Patriot Act.
They seem to make recommendations that would protect civil liberties.
Their recommendations seem more concerned with security than civil liberties.
There was an extension of the Patriot Act that added new provisions that limited civil liberties. Which of the following was not one of those provisions?
It authorized secret arrests.
It authorized stripping Americans of their citizenship for engaging in constitutionally protected conduct.
It eliminated restrictions on court orders issued to prevent police spying.
All of the above are provisions of Patriot II.
What amendment in the Bill of Rights addresses the right to privacy?
All of the above
What constitutional provision was upheld in Doe v. Bolton?
Right to counsel
What did Justice Douglas mean when he said that the right to privacy was inherent in the Bill of Rights because its specific guarantees have “penumbras,” created by “emanations from these guarantees that help give them life and opinion?”
That the Ninth Amendment, which states that the Bill of Rights does not exhaust all the rights contained by the people, allows the Court to find the “fundamental right to marital privacy.”
That several of the amendments interpreted together through the Fourteenth Amendment combined make up the right to privacy.
That a "fundamental right to marital privacy" exists only because marital privacy has traditionally been protected by American society.
None of the above
What do the authors argue in the famous article, “The Right to Privacy”?
That the courts should not recognize individual privacy.
That the courts should recognize individual privacy.
That the Constitution does not make allowances for individual privacy.
That the media should have the right to print whatever they see fit because of the freedom of speech.
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