American Political Ideas
American Political Ideas

American Political Ideas

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

This question pack provides a wide survey of the various political ideas in the USA and their presence in policy, the media, and judicial decisions.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

American Political Ideas 1

All of the following have been social movements in the United States EXCEPT:

A

Abolition

B

Temperance

C

Civil rights

D

Women’s rights

E

Fair trade

American Political Ideas 2

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. Political scientists refer to the “process by which individuals acquire their political beliefs, values, and attitudes” as political ______________.

A

Rhetoric

B

Ideology

C

Culture

D

Socialization

E

Apathy

American Political Ideas 3

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. Political ______________ refers to individuals’ perceptions about whether or not they can influence the political process.

A

Efficacy

B

Legitimacy

C

Indoctrination

D

Exceptionalism

E

Tolerance

American Political Ideas 4

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. ______________ refers to America’s acceptance and celebration of its cultural diversity and heritage.

A

Sub-culturalism

B

Political tolerance

C

Ethnicity

D

Multiculturalism

E

Egalitarianism

American Political Ideas 5

Fill in the blank. In a “scientific” poll, the portion of the population selected to participate in a survey is called a ______________.

A

Focus group

B

Sample

C

Population

D

Representative population

E

Public

American Political Ideas 6

Which of the following accurately describes what most scholars agree on as the greatest impact that the mass media has on American politics?

A

The ability to set the national agenda

B

The ability to reveal political scandals to the public

C

The ability to shape public opinion and political attitudes of the public

D

The ability to influence electoral outcomes

E

The ability to serve as an agent of political socialization

American Political Ideas 7

Which of the following best defines public opinion?

A

The distribution of opinions and attitudes held by the public

B

The political ideology of the mass public

C

The strongly held political beliefs of individuals within government

D

The perception that pollsters and politicians have about the general public

E

All of the above

American Political Ideas 8

Which of the following is a true statement about the history of political parties in the United States?

A

The existence of political parties is mandatory as outlined in the Constitution.

B

The existence of two parties has always been a part of the American political system.

C

U.S. election rules support the creation and maintenance of a two-party system.

D

Democrats and Republicans were the first major political parties in the United States.

E

The two-party system was in place by 1800.

American Political Ideas 9

Which of the following is considered to be an important agent of political socialization?

A

Family

B

Friends

C

The mass media

D

Schools

E

All of the above

American Political Ideas 10

Which of the following is NOT a major change that has occurred to the party system since FDR’s New Deal era?

A

Party loyalty has declined.

B

Elections have become more candidate-centered rather than party-centered.

C

National political parties have become more successful and effective in mobilizing voters.

D

The influence of political parties has diminished.

E

Party reforms have allowed more average voters to serve as delegates to the national party nominating conventions.

American Political Ideas 11

Which of the following would NOT be considered a core value of American political culture?

A

Egalitarianism

B

Equality of opportunity

C

Economic equality

D

Individualism

E

Rule of law

American Political Ideas 12

Which statement best describes how the media generally impacts public opinion in the United States?

A

The media has no measurable impact on public opinion.

B

The media can greatly alter public opinion about an issue.

C

The media often shapes political attitudes and voting behaviors.

D

The media is most likely to influence public opinion among those with the lowest education levels.

E

Media coverage impacts the issues that the public thinks are most important.

American Political Ideas 13

Fill in the blank. The defeat of the Equal Rights Amendment in 1982 had a devastating impact on the civil rights efforts of ______________.

A

African Americans

B

Hispanic Americans

C

Jewish Americans

D

Women

E

Homosexuals

American Political Ideas 14

The Brown v. Board of Education decision (1954) did which of the following?

A

Established the doctrine of “separate but equal.”

B

Determined that de jure segregation was legal.

C

Determined that the doctrine of “separate but equal” was unconstitutional.

D

Ended the practice of de facto segregation.

E

Was supported by the majority of the South.

American Political Ideas 15

Which of the following best explains the underlying goal of Affirmative Action?

A

To give opportunity to previously oppressed minority groups and women to overcome the effects of past discrimination

B

To overcome the effects of ongoing discrimination within society

C

To ensure not only equal opportunity but also equal outcome for all

D

To punish white society for ills of the past

E

All of the above

American Political Ideas 16

Which of the following represents a true statement about the difference between de facto and de jure segregation?

A

De facto segregation has been made illegal, where as de jure has not.

B

De facto segregation is voluntary, and de jure is government enforced.

C

De jure segregation has been ruled illegal based on several Supreme Court decisions.

D

De facto segregation has a political impact, where as de jure primarily impacts society economically.

E

De facto segregation is government enforced, and de jure is voluntary.

American Political Ideas 17

Which of the following Supreme Court cases established the doctrine of “clear and present danger” when limiting freedom of expression?

A

Texas v. Johnson (1989)

B

Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)

C

Schenck v. United States (1919)

D

Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

E

McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

American Political Ideas 18

Which of the following Supreme Court cases established the right to privacy?

A

Roe v. Wade (1973)

B

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

C

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

D

Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Dept. of Health (1989)

E

Tinker v. Des Moines (1990)

American Political Ideas 19

Which of the following was a major impact of the Bakke (1978) decision?

A

Affirmation Action was no longer considered Constitutional.

B

Affirmative Action was considered “reverse discrimination” and therefore unconstitutional.

C

State institutions could no longer use Affirmative Action to equalize opportunity.

D

Using race as a criteria for admission was illegal.

E

Reverse discrimination based on racial quotas violated the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

American Political Ideas 20

Which of the following would NOT be considered an example of legislation that has promoted an increase in civil rights?

A

1991 Disabled Americans Act

B

1996 Defense of Marriage Act

C

Title IX

D

Voting Rights Act of 1965

E

1967 Age Discrimination in Employment Act

American Political Ideas 21

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. The type of economic system utilized in the United States is ______________.

A

Capitalism

B

Socialism

C

Mutualism

D

Distributism

E

Georgism

American Political Ideas 22

Fill in the blank. The most radical reforms to the welfare system in the United States occurred during the presidency of ______________.

A

George W. Bush

B

Bill Clinton

C

Franklin D. Roosevelt

D

Ronald Reagan

E

Lyndon B. Johnson

American Political Ideas 23

Fill in the blank. The United States’ policy to stop the spread of communism was known as

A

Domino theory

B

Containment

C

The Cold War

D

Non-proliferation

E

Operation Sputnik

American Political Ideas 24

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is an example of what type of public policy?

A

Social welfare policy

B

Economic policy

C

Defense policy

D

Education policy

E

Entitlement spending policy

American Political Ideas 25

What is the largest entitlement program in the United States?

A

Medicare

B

Medicaid

C

Social Security

D

Temporary Unemployment Insurance

E

State Children’s Health Insurance Program

American Political Ideas 26

Which of the following economic theories would advocate for a minimal role of government in economic affairs?

A

Laissez-faire doctrine

B

Keynesian theory

C

Monetarism

D

Supply-side economics

E

Fiscal conservatism

American Political Ideas 27

Which of the following is a significant presidential foreign policy shift taken after September 11, 2001?

A

Congress declaring war on Iraq

B

George W. Bush’s Global War on Terror and “preemptive” doctrine

C

Using NATO peacekeeping troops to help mend anti-American sentiments

D

Oil-for-Food Programs

E

United States participation in NAFTA

American Political Ideas 28

Which of the following is a social insurance program that provides economic assistance to individuals who are unemployed, disabled, or elderly?

A

TANF

B

Food stamps

C

Medicare Part B

D

Social Security

E

SCHIP

American Political Ideas 29

Which of the following statements is true of the origins of the modern American welfare state?

A

It can be traced back to colonial times.

B

It is mostly rooted in a Biblical obligation for helping the less fortunate.

C

It can be traced back to the Great Depression and the New Deal.

D

It can be traced back to the 1970s Great Society.

E

It is smaller today than it has ever been in the past.

American Political Ideas 30

Which of the following would NOT be considered a social welfare program?

A

Medicare

B

Medicaid

C

Social Security

D

Old-Age Survivors Disability Insurance

E

None of the above

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