Toward Collective Action: Mediating American Institutions
Lead Author(s): Openstax Content
Student Price: FREE
Question pack on American media, political parties and interest groups and lobbying.
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A local station that broadcasts national network programming is called a(an)____________ station.
Cable programming is often _________
A conglomerate is a corporation that _________.
owns all television news stations in a state
owns many businesses and media networks
owns only radio stations
owns only televisions and newspapers
When acting as an agenda setter, the media _________.
decides which issues deserve public attention
covers presidential campaigns equally
reports on corruption in government
brings in advertising revenue for the media corporation
Newspapers during the Revolutionary War period tended to _________
give fake news and sensationalize stories
unite the colonists and provide information about the British
print party propaganda
attack colonial politicians
Muckraking occurs when newspapers _________.
investigate problems in government and business
investigate actions of celebrities
print sensational news on the front page to sell papers
print more editorials and opinion pieces to sell papers
Radio quiz shows and comedy shows were most popular in the _________.
Television news became a regular feature during _________ due to the public’s demand for _________ to explain current events.
WWI; images and maps
Great Depression; charts and tables
WWII; images and maps
Vietnam War; charts and tables
In which circumstance would the courts find libel?
A reporter uses a source that incorrectly states a celebrity is using drugs.
A columnist writes his opinion about whether an actor is hiding a drug problem.
A television reporter delivers a story about increased drug use at the local college.
A reporter writes that local college students are drug dealers but has no sources.
The Supreme Court determined that the right of the press to print classified material _________.
is obsolete, and the press may never print classified material
is partial, and the press may print classified material only if it does not compromise troops or covert operatives
is complete, and the press may print anything it likes
has not yet been defined
The Federal Communications Commission oversees the programming of which entities?
television and radio
television, radio, and satellite
television, radio, satellite, and cable
Which of the following is a reasonable exception to the Freedom of Information Act?
medical records for government employees
budget for the Department of Labor
minutes from a president’s cabinet meeting
transcript of meetings between Department of State negotiators and Russian trade negotiators
Which of the following is an example of episodic framing?
a story on drug abuse that interviews addicts and discusses reasons for addiction and government responses to help addicts
a story on how drug abuse policy has changed since 1984
a story on candidates’ answers to a drug question in a debate
a story detailing arguments against needle exchange programs
According to research, why might a woman decide not to run for office?
She feels the work is too hard.
She fears her positions will be covered too closely by the press.
She fears the media will criticize her family.
She fears the campaign will be too expensive.
Media coverage of a race tends to_________.
accurately portray all races equally
accurately portray whites and blacks as victims
overrepresent whites and the elderly as poor
overrepresent African Americans as poor
Which supporter of federalism warned people about the dangers of political parties?
Which of the following was not a third-party challenger?
In which type of electoral system do voters select the party of their choice rather than an individual candidate?
Which of the following does not represent a major contributing factor in party realignment?
changes in key issues
changes in party strategies
Which level of party organization is most responsible for helping the party’s nominee win the presidency?
Someone who lobbies on behalf of a company that he or she works for as part of his or her job is _________.
an in-house lobbyist
a volunteer lobbyist
a contract lobbyist
a legislative liaison
How are collective goods different from private goods?
Collective goods offer particularized benefits, while private goods are broadly distributed.
Collective goods and private goods both offer particularized benefits.
Collective goods and private goods both offer broadly distributed benefits.
Collective goods offer broadly distributed benefits, while private goods offer particularized benefits.
Why might several competing corporations join together in an association?
because there is often strength in numbers
because they often have common issues that may affect an entire industry
because they can all benefit from governmental policies
all the above
What type of incentives appeal to someone’s concern about a cause?
Which of the following is the best example of a solidary benefit?
joining a group to be with others like you
joining a group to obtain a monetary benefit
joining a group because you care about a cause
joining a group because it is a requirement of your job
What changes have occurred in the lobbying environment over the past three or four decades?
There is more professional lobbying.
Many interests lobby both the national government and the states.
A fragmentation of interests has taken place.
all the above
Which of the following is an aspect of iron triangles?
fluid participation among interests
a great deal of competition for access to decision-makers
a symbiotic relationship among Congressional committees, executive agencies, and interest groups
three interest groups that have formed a coalition
Which of the following is true of spending in politics?
The Supreme Court has yet to address the issue of money in politics.
The Supreme Court has restricted spending on politics.
The Supreme Court has opposed restrictions on spending on politics.
The Supreme Court has ruled that corporations may spend unlimited amounts of money but unions may not.
What is a difference between a PAC and a super PAC?
PACs can contribute directly to candidates, but super PACs cannot.
Conservative interests favor PACs over super PACs.
Contributions to PACs are unlimited, but restrictions have been placed on how much money can be contributed to super PACs.
Super PACS are much more likely to support incumbent candidates than are PACs.
Revolving door laws are designed to do which of the following?
prevent lawmakers from utilizing their legislative relationships by becoming lobbyists immediately after leaving office
help lawmakers find work after they leave office
restrict lobbyists from running for public office
all the above
In what ways are lobbyists regulated?
Certain activities are prohibited.
Contributions must be disclosed.
Lobbying is prohibited immediately after leaving office.
all the above