Toward Collective Action: Mediating American Institutions
Toward Collective Action: Mediating American Institutions

Toward Collective Action: Mediating American Institutions

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

Student Price: FREE

Question pack on American media, political parties and interest groups and lobbying.

Question 1

A local station that broadcasts national network programming is called a(an)____________ station.

A

affiliate

B

cable

C

digital

D

network

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Cable programming is often _________

A

local

B

national

C

network

D

sports

Question 3

A conglomerate is a corporation that _________.

A

owns all television news stations in a state

B

owns many businesses and media networks

C

owns only radio stations

D

owns only televisions and newspapers

Question 4
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

When acting as an agenda setter, the media _________.

A

decides which issues deserve public attention

B

covers presidential campaigns equally

C

reports on corruption in government

D

brings in advertising revenue for the media corporation

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Newspapers during the Revolutionary War period tended to _________

A

give fake news and sensationalize stories

B

unite the colonists and provide information about the British

C

print party propaganda

D

attack colonial politicians

Question 6

Muckraking occurs when newspapers _________.

A

investigate problems in government and business

B

investigate actions of celebrities

C

print sensational news on the front page to sell papers

D

print more editorials and opinion pieces to sell papers

Question 7
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Radio quiz shows and comedy shows were most popular in the _________.

A

1900s

B

1930s

C

1970s

D

1990s

Question 8

Television news became a regular feature during _________ due to the public’s demand for _________ to explain current events.

A

WWI; images and maps

B

Great Depression; charts and tables

C

WWII; images and maps

D

Vietnam War; charts and tables

Question 9

In which circumstance would the courts find libel?

A

A reporter uses a source that incorrectly states a celebrity is using drugs.

B

A columnist writes his opinion about whether an actor is hiding a drug problem.

C

A television reporter delivers a story about increased drug use at the local college.

D

A reporter writes that local college students are drug dealers but has no sources.

Question 10
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Supreme Court determined that the right of the press to print classified material _________.

A

is obsolete, and the press may never print classified material

B

is partial, and the press may print classified material only if it does not compromise troops or covert operatives

C

is complete, and the press may print anything it likes

D

has not yet been defined

Question 11

The Federal Communications Commission oversees the programming of which entities?

A

television

B

television and radio

C

television, radio, and satellite

D

television, radio, satellite, and cable

Question 12
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is a reasonable exception to the Freedom of Information Act?

A

medical records for government employees

B

budget for the Department of Labor

C

minutes from a president’s cabinet meeting

D

transcript of meetings between Department of State negotiators and Russian trade negotiators

Question 13

Which of the following is an example of episodic framing?

A

a story on drug abuse that interviews addicts and discusses reasons for addiction and government responses to help addicts

B

a story on how drug abuse policy has changed since 1984

C

a story on candidates’ answers to a drug question in a debate

D

a story detailing arguments against needle exchange programs

Question 14
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

According to research, why might a woman decide not to run for office?

A

She feels the work is too hard.

B

She fears her positions will be covered too closely by the press.

C

She fears the media will criticize her family.

D

She fears the campaign will be too expensive.

Question 15

Media coverage of a race tends to_________.

A

accurately portray all races equally

B

accurately portray whites and blacks as victims

C

overrepresent whites and the elderly as poor

D

overrepresent African Americans as poor

Question 1

Which supporter of federalism warned people about the dangers of political parties?

A

John Adams

B

Alexander Hamilton

C

James Madison

D

George Washington

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following was not a third-party challenger?

A

Whig Party

B

Progressive Party

C

Dixiecrats

D

Green Party

Question 3

In which type of electoral system do voters select the party of their choice rather than an individual candidate?

A

proportional representation

B

first-past-the-post

C

plurality voting

D

majoritarian voting

Question 4
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following does not represent a major contributing factor in party realignment?

A

demographic shifts

B

changes in key issues

C

changes in party strategies

D

third parties

Question 5

Which level of party organization is most responsible for helping the party’s nominee win the presidency?

A

precinct

B

county

C

state

D

national

Question 1

Someone who lobbies on behalf of a company that he or she works for as part of his or her job is _________.

A

an in-house lobbyist

B

a volunteer lobbyist

C

a contract lobbyist

D

a legislative liaison

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

How are collective goods different from private goods?

A

Collective goods offer particularized benefits, while private goods are broadly distributed.

B

Collective goods and private goods both offer particularized benefits.

C

Collective goods and private goods both offer broadly distributed benefits.

D

Collective goods offer broadly distributed benefits, while private goods offer particularized benefits.

Question 3

Why might several competing corporations join together in an association?

A

because there is often strength in numbers

B

because they often have common issues that may affect an entire industry

C

because they can all benefit from governmental policies

D

all the above

Question 4

What type of incentives appeal to someone’s concern about a cause?

A

solidary incentives

B

purposive incentives

C

material incentives

D

negative incentives

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is the best example of a solidary benefit?

A

joining a group to be with others like you

B

joining a group to obtain a monetary benefit

C

joining a group because you care about a cause

D

joining a group because it is a requirement of your job

Question 6

What changes have occurred in the lobbying environment over the past three or four decades?

A

There is more professional lobbying.

B

Many interests lobby both the national government and the states.

C

A fragmentation of interests has taken place.

D

all the above

Question 7
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is an aspect of iron triangles?

A

fluid participation among interests

B

a great deal of competition for access to decision-makers

C

a symbiotic relationship among Congressional committees, executive agencies, and interest groups

D

three interest groups that have formed a coalition

Question 8
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is true of spending in politics?

A

The Supreme Court has yet to address the issue of money in politics.

B

The Supreme Court has restricted spending on politics.

C

The Supreme Court has opposed restrictions on spending on politics.

D

The Supreme Court has ruled that corporations may spend unlimited amounts of money but unions may not.

Question 9

What is a difference between a PAC and a super PAC?

A

PACs can contribute directly to candidates, but super PACs cannot.

B

Conservative interests favor PACs over super PACs.

C

Contributions to PACs are unlimited, but restrictions have been placed on how much money can be contributed to super PACs.

D

Super PACS are much more likely to support incumbent candidates than are PACs.

Question 10
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Revolving door laws are designed to do which of the following?

A

prevent lawmakers from utilizing their legislative relationships by becoming lobbyists immediately after leaving office

B

help lawmakers find work after they leave office

C

restrict lobbyists from running for public office

D

all the above

Question 11

In what ways are lobbyists regulated?

A

Certain activities are prohibited.

B

Contributions must be disclosed.

C

Lobbying is prohibited immediately after leaving office.

D

all the above