The Outputs of Government
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A question pack on American bureaucracy, foreign policy and more.
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During George Washington’s administration, there were___ ______cabinet positions.
The “spoils system” allocated political appointments on the basis of _________.
Two recent periods of large-scale bureaucratic expansion were _________.
the 1930s and the 1960s
the 1920s and the 1980s
the 1910s and the 1990s
the 1930s and the 1950s
The Civil Service Commission was created by the _________.
Pendleton Act of 1883
Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912
Hatch Act of 1939
Political Activities Act of 1939
The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 created the Office of Personnel Management and the _________.
Civil Service Commission
Merit Systems Protection Board
Which describes the ideal bureaucracy according to Max Weber?
an apolitical, hierarchically organized agency
an organization that competes with other bureaucracies for funding
a wasteful, poorly organized agency
an agency that shows clear electoral responsiveness
Which of the following models of bureaucracy best accounts for the way bureaucracies tend to push Congress for more funding each year?
the Weberian model
the acquisitive model
the monopolistic model
the ideal model
An example of a government corporation is_________.
the State Department
The Freedom of Information Act of 1966 helps citizens exercise oversight over the bureaucracy by _________.
opening government records to citizen scrutiny
requiring annual evaluations by the president
forcing agencies to hold public meetings
When reformers speak of bureaucratic privatization, they mean all the following processes except _________.
Which of the following is not an example of a public policy outcome?
the creation of a program to combat drug trafficking
the passage of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)
the passage of tax cuts during the George W. Bush administration
none of the above; all are public policy outcomes
Public policy _________.
is more of a theory than a reality
is typically made by one branch of government acting alone
requires multiple actors and branches to carry out
focuses on only a few special individuals
Toll goods differ from public goods in that _________.
they provide special access to some and not all
they require the payment of a fee up front
they provide a service for only the wealthy
they are free and available to all
Which type of policy directly benefits the most citizens?
Social Security and Medicare are notable for their assistance to which group?
young families starting out
those in urban areas
Setting aside Social Security and Medicare, other entitlement programs in the U.S. government _________.
constitute over half the budget
constitute well under one-quarter of the budget
are paid for by the states with no cost to the Federal government
none of the above
Which stage of the public policy process includes identification of problems in need of fixing?
Policy analysts seek _________.
their chosen outputs
A deficit is _________.
the overall amount owed by government for past borrowing
the annual budget shortfall between revenues and expenditures
the cancellation of an entitlement program
all the above
Entitlement (or mandatory) spending is _________.
formula-based spending that goes to individual citizens
a program of contracts to aerospace companies
focused on children
concentrated on education
Why are foreign policy issues more complicated than domestic policy issues?
They are more specific.
They are more complex.
The international environment is unpredictable.
They are more expensive.
Which of the following is not a foreign policy type?
The goals of U.S. foreign policy include _________.
keeping the country safe
securing access to foreign markets
protecting human rights
all the above
A sole executive agreement is likely to be in effect longer than is a treaty.
All the following are examples of sharply focused foreign policy outputs except _________.
military uses of force
emergency spending measures
The War Powers Resolution _________.
strengthened congressional war powers
strengthened presidential war powers
affected the presidency and congress equally
ultimately had little impact on war-making
The federal budget process matters in foreign policy for all the following reasons except _________.
Congress has the power of the purse, so the president needs its approval
the budget provides the funding needed to run the foreign policy agencies
the budget for every presidential action has to be approved in advance
the budget allows political institutions to increase funding in key new areas
In terms of formal powers in the realm of foreign policy,_________.
the president is entirely in charge
the president and Congress share power
Congress is entirely in charge
decisions are delegated to experts in the bureaucracy
Why do House members and senators tend to be less active on foreign policy matters than domestic ones?
Foreign policy matters are more technical and difficult.
Legislators do not want to offend certain immigrant groups within their constituency.
Constituents are more directly affected by domestic policy topics than foreign ones.
Legislators themselves are not interested in foreign policy matters.
Neoconservativism is an isolationist foreign policy approach of a nation keeping to itself and engaging less internationally.
President George W. Bush was a proponent of liberal internationalism in his foreign policy.
The U.S. policy of containment during the Cold War related to keeping _________.
terrorism from spreading
rogue countries like North Korea from developing nuclear weapons
communism from spreading
oil prices from rising
The use of drones within other countries’ borders is consistent with which school of thought?