The Outputs of Government
The Outputs of Government

The Outputs of Government

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on American bureaucracy, foreign policy and more.

Question 1

During George Washington’s administration, there were___ ______cabinet positions.

A

four

B

five

C

six

D

seven

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The “spoils system” allocated political appointments on the basis of _________.

A

merit

B

background

C

party loyalty

D

specialized education

Question 3

Two recent periods of large-scale bureaucratic expansion were _________.

A

the 1930s and the 1960s

B

the 1920s and the 1980s

C

the 1910s and the 1990s

D

the 1930s and the 1950s

Question 4

The Civil Service Commission was created by the _________.

A

Pendleton Act of 1883

B

Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912

C

Hatch Act of 1939

D

Political Activities Act of 1939

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 created the Office of Personnel Management and the _________.

A

Civil Service Commission

B

Merit Systems Protection Board

C

“spoils system”

D

General Schedule

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which describes the ideal bureaucracy according to Max Weber?

A

an apolitical, hierarchically organized agency

B

an organization that competes with other bureaucracies for funding

C

a wasteful, poorly organized agency

D

an agency that shows clear electoral responsiveness

Question 7

Which of the following models of bureaucracy best accounts for the way bureaucracies tend to push Congress for more funding each year?

A

the Weberian model

B

the acquisitive model

C

the monopolistic model

D

the ideal model

Question 8
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

An example of a government corporation is_________.

A

NASA

B

the State Department

C

Amtrak

D

the CIA

Question 9
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Freedom of Information Act of 1966 helps citizens exercise oversight over the bureaucracy by _________.

A

empowering Congress

B

opening government records to citizen scrutiny

C

requiring annual evaluations by the president

D

forcing agencies to hold public meetings

Question 10

When reformers speak of bureaucratic privatization, they mean all the following processes except _________.

A

divestiture

B

government grants

C

whistleblowing

D

third-party financing

Question 1

Which of the following is not an example of a public policy outcome?

A

the creation of a program to combat drug trafficking

B

the passage of the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)

C

the passage of tax cuts during the George W. Bush administration

D

none of the above; all are public policy outcomes

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Public policy _________.

A

is more of a theory than a reality

B

is typically made by one branch of government acting alone

C

requires multiple actors and branches to carry out

D

focuses on only a few special individuals

Question 3
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Toll goods differ from public goods in that _________.

A

they provide special access to some and not all

B

they require the payment of a fee up front

C

they provide a service for only the wealthy

D

they are free and available to all

Question 4

Which type of policy directly benefits the most citizens?

A

regulatory policy

B

distributive policy

C

redistributive policy

D

self-regulatory policy

Question 5

Social Security and Medicare are notable for their assistance to which group?

A

the poor

B

young families starting out

C

those in urban areas

D

the elderly

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Setting aside Social Security and Medicare, other entitlement programs in the U.S. government _________.

A

constitute over half the budget

B

constitute well under one-quarter of the budget

C

are paid for by the states with no cost to the Federal government

D

none of the above

Question 7
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which stage of the public policy process includes identification of problems in need of fixing?

A

agenda setting

B

enactment

C

implementation

D

evaluation

Question 8

Policy analysts seek _________.

A

evidence

B

their chosen outputs

C

influence

D

money

Question 9

A deficit is _________.

A

the overall amount owed by government for past borrowing

B

the annual budget shortfall between revenues and expenditures

C

the cancellation of an entitlement program

D

all the above

Question 10
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Entitlement (or mandatory) spending is _________.

A

formula-based spending that goes to individual citizens

B

a program of contracts to aerospace companies

C

focused on children

D

concentrated on education

Question 1

Why are foreign policy issues more complicated than domestic policy issues?

A

They are more specific.

B

They are more complex.

C

The international environment is unpredictable.

D

They are more expensive.

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is not a foreign policy type?

A

trade policy

B

intelligence policy

C

war-making

D

bureaucratic oversight

Question 3

The goals of U.S. foreign policy include _________.

A

keeping the country safe

B

securing access to foreign markets

C

protecting human rights

D

all the above

Question 4

A sole executive agreement is likely to be in effect longer than is a treaty.

A

True

B

False

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

All the following are examples of sharply focused foreign policy outputs except _________.

A

presidential summits

B

military uses of force

C

emergency spending measures

D

international agreements

Question 6

The War Powers Resolution _________.

A

strengthened congressional war powers

B

strengthened presidential war powers

C

affected the presidency and congress equally

D

ultimately had little impact on war-making

Question 7
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The federal budget process matters in foreign policy for all the following reasons except _________.

A

Congress has the power of the purse, so the president needs its approval

B

the budget provides the funding needed to run the foreign policy agencies

C

the budget for every presidential action has to be approved in advance

D

the budget allows political institutions to increase funding in key new areas

Question 8
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

In terms of formal powers in the realm of foreign policy,_________.

A

the president is entirely in charge

B

the president and Congress share power

C

Congress is entirely in charge

D

decisions are delegated to experts in the bureaucracy

Question 9

Why do House members and senators tend to be less active on foreign policy matters than domestic ones?

A

Foreign policy matters are more technical and difficult.

B

Legislators do not want to offend certain immigrant groups within their constituency.

C

Constituents are more directly affected by domestic policy topics than foreign ones.

D

Legislators themselves are not interested in foreign policy matters.

Question 10

Neoconservativism is an isolationist foreign policy approach of a nation keeping to itself and engaging less internationally.

A

True

B

False

Question 11
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

President George W. Bush was a proponent of liberal internationalism in his foreign policy.

A

True

B

False

Question 12

The U.S. policy of containment during the Cold War related to keeping _________.

A

terrorism from spreading

B

rogue countries like North Korea from developing nuclear weapons

C

communism from spreading

D

oil prices from rising

Question 13
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The use of drones within other countries’ borders is consistent with which school of thought?

A

liberal internationalism

B

neoconservativism

C

neo-isolationism

D

grand strategy