American Government: Students and the System
American Government: Students and the System

American Government: Students and the System

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

Student Price: FREE

Question pack on the American constitution and its origins.

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Supporting the actions of the Democratic Party simply because one identifies oneself as a member of that party is an example of ____________

A

partisanship

B

ideology

C

latent preference

D

social capital

Question 7

When a person is asked a question about a political issue that he or she has little interest in and has not thought much about, that person’s answer will likely reflect ________ ____

A

ideology

B

partisanship

C

intense preferences

D

latent preferences

Question 3

The elite theory of government maintains that ____________

A

special interest groups make government policy

B

politicians who have held office for a long time are favored by voters

C

poor people and people of color should not be allowed to vote

D

wealthy, politically powerful people control government, and government has no interest in meeting the needs of ordinary people

Question 4
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

According to the pluralist theory of government,____________

A

government does what the majority of voters want it to do

B

government policy is formed as a result of the competition between groups with different goals and interests

C

ordinary people acting on their own have a significant influence on government

D

wealthy people decide what government policy will be, and politicians have no interest in pleasing anyone else

Question 5

Which of the following is a good example of a tradeoff?

A

The government pleases environmental activists by preserving public lands but also pleases ranchers by allowing them to rent public lands for grazing purposes.

B

The government pleases environmental activists by reintroducing wolves to Yellowstone National Park but angers ranchers by placing their cattle in danger.

C

The government pleases oil companies by allowing them to drill on lands set aside for conservation but allows environmental activist groups to protest the drilling operations.

D

Groups that represent a variety of conflicting interests are all allowed to protest outside Congress and the White House.

Question 1

What goods are available to all without direct payment?

A

private goods

B

public goods

C

common goods

D

toll goods

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

In which form of government does a small group of elite people hold political power?

A

direct democracy

B

monarchy

C

oligarchy

D

totalitarian

Question 1

British colonists in North America in the late seventeenth century were greatly influenced by the political thought of ____________

A

King James II

B

Thomas Jefferson

C

John Locke

D

James Madison

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The agreement that citizens will consent to be governed so long as government protects their natural rights is called ____________

A

the divine right of kings

B

the social contract

C

a bill of rights

D

due process

Question 3

What important power did the national government lack under the Articles of Confederation?

A

It could not coin money.

B

It could not declare war.

C

It could not impose taxes.

D

It could not conduct foreign affairs

Question 4

According to the Great Compromise, how would representation in Congress be apportioned?

A

Each state would have equal representation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.

B

Congress would be a unicameral legislature with each state receiving equal representation.

C

Representation in the House of Representatives would be based on each state’s population and every state would have two senators.

D

Representation in both the House of Representatives and the Senate would be based on a state’s population.

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

How did the delegates to the Constitutional Convention resolve their disagreement regarding slavery?

A

It was agreed that Congress would abolish slavery in 1850.

B

It was agreed that a state’s slave population would be counted for purposes of representation but not for purposes of taxation.

C

It was agreed that a state’s slave population would be counted for purposes of taxation but not for purposes of representation.

D

It was agreed that 60 percent of a state’s slave population would be counted for purposes of both representation and taxation.

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Why were The Federalist Papers written?

A

To encourage states to oppose the Constitution.

B

To encourage New York to ratify the Constitution.

C

To oppose the admission of slaveholding states to the federal union.

D

To encourage people to vote for George Washington as the nation’s first president.

Question 7

What argument did Alexander Hamilton use to convince people that it was not dangerous to place power in the hands of one man?

A

That man would have to pass a religious test before he could become president; thus, citizens could be sure that he was of good character.

B

One man could respond to crises more quickly than a group of men like Congress.

C

It was easier to control the actions of one man than the actions of a group.

D

both B and C

Question 8

How many states must ratify an amendment before it becomes law?

A

all

B

three-fourths

C

two-thirds

D

one-half

Question 9
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

What is the Bill of Rights?

A

first ten amendments to the Constitution that protect individual freedoms

B

powers given to Congress in Article I of the Constitution

C

twenty-seven amendments added to the Constitution over the years

D

document authored by Thomas Jefferson that details the rights of the citizens

Question 1

Which statement about federal and unitary systems is most accurate?

A

In a federal system, power is concentrated in the states; in a unitary system, it is concentrated in the national government.

B

In a federal system, the constitution allocates powers between states and federal government; in a unitary system, powers are lodged in the national government.

C

Today there are more countries with federal systems than with unitary systems.

D

The United States and Japan have federal systems, while Great Britain and Canada have unitary systems.

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which statement is most accurate about the sources of revenue for local and state governments?

A

Taxes generate well over one-half the total revenue of local and state governments.

B

Property taxes generate the most tax revenue for both local and state governments.

C

Between 30 and 40 percent of the revenue for local and state governments comes from grant money.

D

Local and state governments generate an equal amount of revenue from issuing licenses and certificates.

Question 3

In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court invoked which provisions of the constitution?

A

Tenth Amendment and spending clause

B

commerce clause and supremacy clause

C

necessary and proper clause and supremacy clause

D

taxing power and necessary and proper clause

Question 4
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which statement about new federalism is not true?

A

New federalism was launched by President Nixon and continued by President Reagan.

B

New federalism is based on the idea that decentralization of responsibility enhances administrative efficiency.

C

United States v. Lopez is a Supreme Court ruling that advanced the logic of new federalism.

D

President Reagan was able to promote new federalism consistently throughout his administration.

Question 5

Which is not a merit of cooperative federalism?

A

Federal cooperation helps mitigate the problem of collective action among states.

B

Federal assistance encourages state and local governments to generate positive externalities.

C

Cooperative federalism respects the traditional jurisdictional boundaries between states and federal government.

D

Federal assistance ensures some degree of uniformity of public services across states.

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which statement about federal grants in recent decades is most accurate?

A

The federal government allocates the most grant money to income security.

B

The amount of federal grant money going to states has steadily increased since the 1960s.

C

The majority of federal grants are block grants.

D

Block grants tend to gain more flexibility over time.

Question 7

Which statement about unfunded mandates is false?

A

The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act has prevented Congress from using unfunded mandates.

B

The Clean Air Act is a type of federal partial preemptive regulation.

C

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act establishes crosscutting requirements.

D

New federalism does not promote the use of unfunded mandates.

Question 8

Which statement about immigration federalism is false?

A

The Arizona v. United States decision struck down all Arizona’s most restrictive provisions on illegal immigration.

B

Since the 1990s, states have increasingly moved into the policy domain of immigration.

C

Federal immigration laws trump state laws.

D

States’ involvement in immigration is partly due to their interest in preventing illegal immigrants from accessing public services such as education and welfare benefits.

Question 9
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which statement about the evolution of same-sex marriage is false?

A

The federal government became involved in this issue when it passed DOMA.

B

In the 1990s and 2000s, the number of state restrictions on same-sex marriage increased.

C

United States v. Windsor legalized same-sex marriage in the United States.

D

More than half the states had legalized same-sex marriage by the time the Supreme Court made same-sex marriage legal nationwide in 2015.

Question 10

Which statement about venue shopping is true?

A

MADD steered the drinking age issue from the federal government down to the states.

B

Anti-abortion advocates have steered the abortion issue from the states up to the federal government.

C

Both MADD and anti-abortion proponents redirected their advocacy from the states to the federal government.

D

None of the statements are correct.

Question 11

Which of the following is not a benefit of federalism?

A

Federalism promotes political participation.

B

Federalism encourages economic equality across the country.

C

Federalism provides for multiple levels of government action.

D

Federalism accommodates a diversity of opinion.