American Courts, State and Local Government
American Courts, State and Local Government

American Courts, State and Local Government

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

Student Price: FREE

Question pack on American courts, state and local government.

Question 1

The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review_________.

A

is given to it in the original constitution

B

enables it to declare acts of the other branches unconstitutional

C

allows it to hear cases

D

establishes the three-tiered court system

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Supreme Court most typically functions as _________.

A

a district court

B

a trial court

C

a court of original jurisdiction

D

an appeals court

Question 3

In Federalist No. 78, Alexander Hamilton characterized the judiciary as the _________ branch of government.

A

most unnecessary

B

strongest

C

least dangerous

D

most political

Question 4

Of all the court cases in the United States, the majority are handled_________.

A

by the U.S. Supreme Court

B

at the state leve

C

by the circuit courts

D

by the U.S. district courts

Question 5

Both state and federal courts hear matters that involve _________.

A

civil law only

B

criminal law only

C

both civil and criminal law

D

neither civil nor criminal law

Question 6
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

A state case is more likely to be heard by the federal courts when _________.

A

it involves a federal question

B

a governor requests a federal court hearing

C

it involves a criminal matter

D

the state courts are unable to come up with a decision

Question 7

Besides the Supreme Court, there are lower courts in the national system called _________

A

state and federal courts

B

district and circuit courts

C

state and local courts

D

civil and common courts

Question 8
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

In standing by precedent, a judge relies on the principle of _________.

A

stare decisis

B

amicus curiae

C

judicial activism

D

laissez-faire

Question 9

The justices of the Supreme Court are _________

A

elected by citizens

B

chosen by the Congress

C

confirmed by the president

D

nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate

Question 10
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Supreme Court consists of _________.

A

nine associate justices

B

one chief justice and eight associate justices

C

thirteen judges

D

one chief justice and five associate justices

Question 11

A case will be placed on the Court’s docket when _________ justices agree to do so.

A

four

B

five

C

six

D

all

Question 12
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

One of the main ways interest groups participate in Supreme Court cases is by _________.

A

giving monetary contributions to the justices

B

lobbying the justices

C

filing amicus curiae briefs

D

protesting in front of the Supreme Court building

Question 13

The lawyer who represents the federal government and argues cases before the Supreme Court is the _________.

A

solicitor general

B

attorney general

C

U.S. attorney

D

chief justice

Question 14

When using judicial restraint, a judge will usually _________.

A

refuse to rule on a case

B

overrule any act of Congress he or she doesn’t like

C

defer to the decisions of the elected branches of government

D

make mostly liberal rulings

Question 15
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

When a Supreme Court ruling is made, justices may write a ___ ______to show they agree with the majority but for different reasons.

A

brief

B

dissenting opinion

C

majority opinion

D

concurring opinion

Question 16

Which of the following is a check that the legislative branch has over the courts?

A

Senate approval is needed for the appointment of justices and federal judges.

B

Congress may rewrite a law the courts have declared unconstitutional.

C

Congress may withhold funding needed to implement court decisions.

D

all of the above

Question 1

_________dictate the terms and conditions state governments would have to meet in order to qualify for financial assistance

A

Categorical grants

B

Block grants

C

Unfunded mandates

D

Crossover sanctions

Question 2
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

The Tenth Amendment created a class of powers exclusive to state governments. These powers are referred to as _________.

A

enumerated powers

B

implied powers

C

reserved powers

D

none of the above

Question 3

Dillon’s Rule gives local governments the freedom and flexibility to make decisions for themselves.

A

True

B

False

Question 4

In a _________ political culture, the government is seen as a mechanism for maintaining the existing social order or status quo.

A

moralistic

B

individualistic

C

traditionalistic

D

nativistic

Question 5
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Under a _________ political culture, citizens will tend to be more tolerant of corruption from their political leaders and less likely to see politics as a noble profession in which all citizens should engage.

A

moralistic

B

individualistic

C

traditionalistic

D

nativistic

Question 6

_________ was the first state to institute all mail-in voting and automatic voter registration.

A

California

B

Oregon

C

Washington

D

New York

Question 7
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

A _________ is an officeholder who represents the will of those who elected him or her and acts in constituents’ expressed interest.

A

delegate

B

trustee

C

politico

D

citizen

Question 8

In a _________ legislature, members tend to have low salaries, shorter sessions, and few staff members to assist them with their legislative functions.

A

professional

B

citizen

C

hybrid

D

unicameral

Question 9
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

A(n) _________ veto allows the governor to cross out budget lines in the legislature-approved budget, while signing the remainder of the budget into law.

A

amendatory

B

line-item

C

reduction

D

Frankenstein

Question 10
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Under consecutive term limits, legislators can serve one time for the number of years allotted and are not permitted to ever compete for the office again.

A

True

B

False

Question 11

The most common term limit across the states that have imposed them is _________ years.

A

four

B

six

C

eight

D

twelve

Question 12
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

When term limits have been overturned, the most common method was_________.

A

a bill passed by the state legislature

B

a decision by the state Supreme Court

C

a voter referendum

D

a governor’s decree

Question 13

Term limits have produced a statistically significant increase in the number of women serving in state legislatures.

A

True

B

False

Question 14
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Currently, _________ states have term limits in place.

A

five

B

ten

C

fifteen

D

twenty

Question 15

Under the mayor-council system, the _________.

A

legislative and executive responsibilities are separated

B

political and administrative functions are separated

C

mayor chairs the city council

D

city council selects the mayor

Question 16
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Which of the following is not one of the three forms of county government?

A

the commission system

B

the council-elected executive system

C

the mayor-council system

D

the council-administrator system