American Courts, State and Local Government
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Question pack on American courts, state and local government.
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The Supreme Court’s power of judicial review_________.
is given to it in the original constitution
enables it to declare acts of the other branches unconstitutional
allows it to hear cases
establishes the three-tiered court system
The Supreme Court most typically functions as _________.
a district court
a trial court
a court of original jurisdiction
an appeals court
In Federalist No. 78, Alexander Hamilton characterized the judiciary as the _________ branch of government.
Of all the court cases in the United States, the majority are handled_________.
by the U.S. Supreme Court
at the state leve
by the circuit courts
by the U.S. district courts
Both state and federal courts hear matters that involve _________.
civil law only
criminal law only
both civil and criminal law
neither civil nor criminal law
A state case is more likely to be heard by the federal courts when _________.
it involves a federal question
a governor requests a federal court hearing
it involves a criminal matter
the state courts are unable to come up with a decision
Besides the Supreme Court, there are lower courts in the national system called _________
state and federal courts
district and circuit courts
state and local courts
civil and common courts
In standing by precedent, a judge relies on the principle of _________.
The justices of the Supreme Court are _________
elected by citizens
chosen by the Congress
confirmed by the president
nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate
The Supreme Court consists of _________.
nine associate justices
one chief justice and eight associate justices
one chief justice and five associate justices
A case will be placed on the Court’s docket when _________ justices agree to do so.
One of the main ways interest groups participate in Supreme Court cases is by _________.
giving monetary contributions to the justices
lobbying the justices
filing amicus curiae briefs
protesting in front of the Supreme Court building
The lawyer who represents the federal government and argues cases before the Supreme Court is the _________.
When using judicial restraint, a judge will usually _________.
refuse to rule on a case
overrule any act of Congress he or she doesn’t like
defer to the decisions of the elected branches of government
make mostly liberal rulings
When a Supreme Court ruling is made, justices may write a ___ ______to show they agree with the majority but for different reasons.
Which of the following is a check that the legislative branch has over the courts?
Senate approval is needed for the appointment of justices and federal judges.
Congress may rewrite a law the courts have declared unconstitutional.
Congress may withhold funding needed to implement court decisions.
all of the above
_________dictate the terms and conditions state governments would have to meet in order to qualify for financial assistance
The Tenth Amendment created a class of powers exclusive to state governments. These powers are referred to as _________.
none of the above
Dillon’s Rule gives local governments the freedom and flexibility to make decisions for themselves.
In a _________ political culture, the government is seen as a mechanism for maintaining the existing social order or status quo.
Under a _________ political culture, citizens will tend to be more tolerant of corruption from their political leaders and less likely to see politics as a noble profession in which all citizens should engage.
_________ was the first state to institute all mail-in voting and automatic voter registration.
A _________ is an officeholder who represents the will of those who elected him or her and acts in constituents’ expressed interest.
In a _________ legislature, members tend to have low salaries, shorter sessions, and few staff members to assist them with their legislative functions.
A(n) _________ veto allows the governor to cross out budget lines in the legislature-approved budget, while signing the remainder of the budget into law.
Under consecutive term limits, legislators can serve one time for the number of years allotted and are not permitted to ever compete for the office again.
The most common term limit across the states that have imposed them is _________ years.
When term limits have been overturned, the most common method was_________.
a bill passed by the state legislature
a decision by the state Supreme Court
a voter referendum
a governor’s decree
Term limits have produced a statistically significant increase in the number of women serving in state legislatures.
Currently, _________ states have term limits in place.
Under the mayor-council system, the _________.
legislative and executive responsibilities are separated
political and administrative functions are separated
mayor chairs the city council
city council selects the mayor
Which of the following is not one of the three forms of county government?
the commission system
the council-elected executive system
the mayor-council system
the council-administrator system