American Congress and the Presidency
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Question pack on American Congress and the presidency.
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The Great Compromise successfully resolved differences between_________.
large and small states
slave and non-slave states
the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
the House and the Senate
While each state has two senators, members of the House are apportioned _________.
according to the state’s geographic size
based on the state’s economic size
according to the state’s population
based on each state’s need
The process of redistricting can present problems for congressional representation because _________.
districts must include urban and rural areas
states can gain but never lose districts
districts are often drawn to benefit partisan groups
states have been known to create more districts than they have been apportioned
Which of the following is an implied power of Congress?
the power to regulate the sale of tobacco in the states
the power to increase taxes on the wealthiest one percent
the power to put the president on trial for high crimes
the power to override a presidential veto
Senate races tend to inspire_________.
broad discussion of policy issues
narrow discussion of specific policy issues
less money than House races
less media coverage than House races
The saying “All politics is local” roughly means _________.
the local candidate will always win
the local constituents want action on national issues
the local constituents tend to care about things that affect them
the act of campaigning always occurs at the local level where constituents are
A congressperson who pursued a strict delegate model of representation would seek to_________.
legislate in the way he or she believed constituents wanted, regardless of the anticipated outcome
legislate in a way that carefully considered the circumstances and issue so as to reach a solution that is best for everyone
legislate in a way that is best for the nation regardless of the costs for the constituents
legislate in the way that he or she thinks is best for the constituents
The increasing value constituents have placed on descriptive representation in Congress has had the effect of _________.
increasing the sensitivity representatives have to their constituents demands
decreasing the rate at which incumbents are elected
increasing the number of minority members in Congress
decreasing the number of majority minority districts
House leaders are more powerful than Senate leaders because of_________.
the majoritarian nature of the House—a majority can run it like a cartel
the larger size of the House
the constitutional position of the House
the State of the Union address being delivered in the House chamber
A select committee is different from a standing committee because_________.
a select committee includes member of both chambers, while a standing committee includes only members of the House
a select committee is used for bill reconciliation, while a standing committee is used for prosecutions
a select committee must stay in session, while a standing committee goes to recess
a select committee is convened for a specific and temporary purpose, while a standing committee is permanent
Stopping a filibuster requires that _________.
a majority of senators agree on the bill
the speaker steps away from the podium
he chamber votes for cloture
the Speaker or majority leader intervenes
Saying a bill is being marked up is just another way to say it is being_________.
The key means of advancing modern legislation is now___.______
the actions of the leadership
the budget process
Many at the Continental Congress were skeptical of allowing presidents to be directly elected by the legislature because _________.
they were worried about giving the legislature too much power
they feared the opportunities created for corruption
they knew the weaknesses of an electoral college
they worried about subjecting the commander-in-chief to public scrutiny
Which of the following is a way George Washington expanded the power of the presidency?
He refused to run again after serving two terms.
He appointed the heads of various federal departments as his own advisors.
He worked with the Senate to draft treaties with foreign countries.
He submitted his neutrality proclamation to the Senate for approval.
How did the election of 1824 change the way presidents were selected?
Following this election, presidents were directly elected.
Jackson’s supporters decided to create a device for challenging the Electoral College.
The election convinced many that the parties must adopt the king caucus as the primary method for selecting presidents.
The selection of the candidate with fewer electoral votes triggered the rise of party control over nominations.
Which of the following is an unintended consequence of the rise of the primary and caucus system?
Sometimes candidates unpopular with the party leadership reach the top.
Campaigns have become shorter and more expensive.
The conventions have become more powerful than the voters.
Often incumbent presidents will fail to be renominated by the party.
The people who make up the modern president’s cabinet are the heads of the major federal departments and _________.
must be confirmed by the Senate
once in office are subject to dismissal by the Senate
serve two-year terms
are selected base on the rules of patronage
A very challenging job for new presidents is to _________.
move into the White House
prepare and deliver their first State of the Union address
nominate and gain confirmation for their cabinet and hundreds of other officials
prepare their first executive budget
President Theodore Roosevelt’s concept of the bully pulpit was the office’s_________.
authority to use force, especially military force
constitutional power to veto legislation
premier position to pressure through public appeal
ability to use technology to enhance the voice of the president
The passage of the Tenure of Office Act of 1867 was just one instance in a long line of _________.
struggles for power between the president and the Congress
unconstitutional presidential power grabbing
arguments over presidential policy
Which of the following is an example of an executive agreement?
The president negotiates an agreement with China and submits it to the Senate for ratification.
The president changes a regulation on undocumented immigrant status without congressional approval.
The president signs legally binding nuclear arms terms with Iran without seeking congressional approval.
The president issues recommendations to the Department of Justice on what the meaning of a new criminal statute is.