What Is Anthropology
What Is Anthropology

What Is Anthropology

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

What Is Anthropology Q1

Sets of learned behavior and ideas that human beings acquire as members of society is an anthropological definition of

A

Symbols

B

Culture

C

Language

D

Cognition

What is Anthropology Q2

To say that culture and the human brain coevolved is to say that

A

Each provided key features of the environment to which the other needed to adapt

B

Genetic changes in human beings are related to language

C

Biology is less important to modern human beings than it was in the ancient past

D

Human social organization is ancient

What is Anthropology Q3

The exercise of at least some control over their lives by human beings is called

A

Free will

B

Habitus

C

Human agency

D

Historical.

What is Anthropology Q4

The perspective on the human condition that assumes that mind and body, individuals and society, and individuals and the environment interpenetrate and even define one another is called

A

Dualism

B

Holism.

C

Reductionism

D

Essentialism

What is Anthropology Q5

The opinion that one’s own way of life is natural or correct and the only true way of being fully human is called

A

Cultural relativism

B

Cultural determinism

C

Ethnocentrism

D

Egocentrism

What is Anthropology Q6

Understanding another culture sympathetically enough so that it appears to be a coherent and meaningful design for living is called

A

Cultural interactionism

B

Cultural relativism

C

Holism

D

Cultural determinism

What is Anthropology Q7

The anthropological definition of cultural relativism requires that we make an effort to ______________ the practices of other cultures

A

Approve

B

Excuse

C

Judge

D

Understand

What is Anthropology Q8

When anthropologists distinguished between culture and cultures, they were distinguishing between ______________ and ______________.

A

Different traditions of learned behavior / the ability to learn and create sets of behaviors and ideas

B

A defining attribute of human beings / ways of life of specific groups of people.

C

The fine arts / local traditions of human beings

D

The genetic programming that sets humans apart from other animals / the ways in which that programming works in specific places

What is Anthropology Q9

Anthropology is defined as the study of

A

Human nature, human society, and the human past

B

The remains of earlier societies and peoples

C

The ways of life of contemporary peoples

D

The physical and mental capacities of human beings

What is Anthropology Q10

A study that examines how economics, politics, religion, and kinship shape one another in a specific society is called

A

Detailed

B

Cultural

C

Holistic

D

Comparative

What is Anthropology Q11

An anthropologist studying a social group observes that people shake hands when greeting one another and concludes that handshaking is universal among human beings. This study is faulty because the anthropologist has not been

A

Holistic

B

Evolutionary

C

Ethnocentric

D

Comparative

What is Anthropology Q12

Evolution may be understood broadly as

A

Attributes and behaviors that are passed on by the genes

B

Beliefs and behaviors that are passed on by teaching and learning

C

Change over time

D

Transformations of species over time

What is Anthropology Q13

To emphasize that human beings are biocultural organisms means that

A

Human biology and culture both contribute to human behavior

B

Human biology makes culture possible and human culture makes human biological survival possible

C

Instinct must be recognized as an important part of any explanation of human behavior

D

Both a and b

What is Anthropology Q14

To say that anthropology is a field-based discipline means that

A

Information about particular social groups comes through direct contact with them

B

Anthropology is based on experience with other ways of life

C

The experience of being in the field is central to modern anthropology

D

All of the above are true

What is Anthropology Q15

Which of the following is NOT a major subfield of North American anthropology?

A

Archaeology

B

Cultural anthropology

C

Biological anthropology

D

Physiological anthropology

What is Anthropology Q16

The people of society X believe that the people of society Y are inherently inferior to them biologically and prevent them from gaining access to a high level of education and other resources. This is an example of

A

Racism

B

Ethnocentrism

C

Labeling

D

Holism

What is Anthropology Q17

The major specialty within anthropology that uses information gathered from the other subfields in an effort to solve practical cross-cultural problems is

A

Applied anthropology

B

Archaeology

C

Biological anthropology

D

Cultural anthropology

What is Anthropology Q18

In a world in which people from different cultural backgrounds come into contact with one another for extended periods, anthropology offers a

A

Solution to cultural misunderstandings

B

Means of learning to cope with cultural differences

C

Way of determining which cultural background is better under the circumstances

D

Set of techniques for removing cultural barriers

What is Anthropology Q19

Evolutionary theory is based on a set of

A

Testable hypotheses

B

Scientists’ opinions about different species

C

Assumptions about when life began

D

Observations of the natural world

What is Anthropology Q20

For modern biologists, a species is defined as

A

A reproductive community that occupies a specific niche

B

A set of related individuals

C

A general category of organisms that closely resemble one another

D

The organisms that live in a specific niche

What is Anthropology Q21

The theory of common ancestry holds that

A

No species is ranked higher than any other in the taxonomy

B

Similar species are descended from a common ancestor

C

Similar species are able to interbreed

D

All species reproduce in a similar (“common”) way

What is Anthropology Q22

The shaping of useful features of an organism by natural selection for the function they now perform is

A

Aptation

B

Adaptation

C

Exaptation

D

Reconciliation

What is Anthropology Q23

Natural selection acts on

A

Mutations

B

The needs of a species

C

Randomly produced variation

D

The sex cells

What is Anthropology Q24

The term for physical shape and size of an organism or its body parts is its

A

Size

B

Morphology

C

Shape

D

Taxonomy