Living Primates
Living Primates

Living Primates

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Living Primates Q1

According to Bruce Smith, the ancestors of domesticated seed plants were

A

Weedy generalists that thrived in disturbed environments

B

Specialized plants with dietary appeal that required careful tending

C

Preferred plants that attracted wild animals that fed on them

D

Third choice plants that human beings ate only when necessary.

Living Primates Q2

Why is the discovery of remains of many immature male herd animals at a site taken as evidence of human involvement with a herd?

A

Hunters kill animals they find; they do not go out of their way to kill only young males.

B

Only a small number of males are required for reproduction in a managed herd.

C

Hunters are likely to kill the animals easiest to hunt; immature wild male herd animals are always on the outskirts of the herd.

D

Both A and B are true.

Living Primates Q3

Which of the following is NOT a theory for the cause of domestication?

A

Broad spectrum foraging

B

Climatic changes

C

Independent invention

D

Population pressure

Living Primates Q4

A population is living off a secure subsistence base, eating plants and animals caught by hunting, fishing, and gathering. The population expands, and as it does, it puts pressure on the resource base, forcing people to eat “third-choice” foods, especially grains. They discovered that the grain responded to human efforts to increase yields, and they came to rely increasingly on it. This scenario would fit best with which of the following theories of agricultural development?

A

Broad spectrum foraging theory

B

Conflict theory

C

Resource base transformation theory

D

Population pressure theory

Living Primates Q5

The appearance of domesticated plants is taken to be the end of one great cultural period and the beginning of another. The period that ENDS with the beginning of domestication is called the

A

Neolithic

B

Natufian

C

Paleolithic

D

Premodern

Living Primates Q6

Which of the following was one of the first crops domesticated in Southwest Asia?

A

Barley

B

Corn

C

Rice

D

Millet

Living Primates Q7

In Mesoamerica, which of the following appeared together?

A

Squash, maize

B

Beans, squash

C

Peppers, maize

D

Squash, potatoes

Living Primates Q8

Archaeologists are coming to agree that domestication was everywhere invented by

A

Simple foragers living in marginal environments

B

Complex foragers living in areas of relatively abundant resources

C

Herders who decided to settle down

D

Aliens from outer space

Living Primates Q9

Which of the following is a consequence of domestication?

A

Decline in quality of diet

B

Reliance on smaller number of plants

C

Environmental degradation

D

All of the above

Living Primates Q10

How do sedentism and domestication represent a change in worldview?

A

People are more aware of the value of the natural environment

B

Land is transformed into owned territories

C

Plants and animals become objects of worship

D

All of the above

Living Primates Q11

Which period of history began with the domestication of plants 10,300 years ago, and is referred to as the “New Stone Age”?

A

The Paleolithic

B

The Neolithic

C

The Mesolithic

D

The Holocene

Living Primates Q12

The production of amounts of food that exceed the basic subsistence needs of the population is called

A

Surplus production

B

Agriculture

C

Pastoralism

D

Occupational specialization

Living Primates Q13

Which of the following is archaeological evidence for social complexity?

A

Burials

B

Monumental architecture

C

Permanent settlements

D

Tools

Living Primates Q14

Archaeologists digging at a site in southwest Asia find a series of burials that differ in size, construction, and the quantity of objects found in each. The archaeologists might conclude that the society responsible for the burials was

A

Egalitarian

B

Stratified

C

Unspecialized

D

Both B and C

Living Primates Q15

Michael Hoffman suggested that the massive expenditure of resources by early elites on luxury goods was a

A

Motor for trade

B

Tribute to their leadership offered by the “ordinary people” of the society

C

Way of consolidating power by forcing possible enemies to work for them

D

Way of demonstrating the superior power of the rulers

Living Primates Q16

Which of the following is characteristic of a state?

A

A stratified society

B

Possesses a territory

C

Institutions to collect taxes

D

All of the above

Living Primates Q17

Which of the following has been an explanation proposed for the rise of complex societies?

A

The need arose to construct and maintain irrigation systems in dry regions.

B

Population pressure required someone to exercise power to allocate resources and keep social chaos from erupting.

C

Sedentary life in farming villages gave people the leisure time to invent social and technological complexity.

D

All of the above

Living Primates Q18

The main difficulty faced by theories that attempt to explain the origins of social complexity in terms of social relations, political culture, or religious beliefs is that

A

Such phenomena leave no clear traces in the archaeological record

B

Such phenomena are known to be unconnected to the origins of social complexity

C

Such phenomena ignore environmental factors

D

Both A and C

Living Primates Q19

Which of the following describes the Early Horizon of Andean culture?

A

It was the first time that many communities had adopted a single cultural tradition.

B

It was the first known cultural tradition of the Chavín Horizon.

C

It was associated with the sixteenth-century cult of Pachacamac.

D

It was the first time a cultural tradition had been spread by conquest.

Living Primates Q20

The Inka Empire differed from the earlier Chimú culture because it was based in

A

Great cities

B

The Pacific coast

C

Rural villages

D

Centralized power