Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges
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An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.
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According to Bruce Smith, the ancestors of domesticated seed plants were
Weedy generalists that thrived in disturbed environments
Specialized plants with dietary appeal that required careful tending
Preferred plants that attracted wild animals that fed on them
Third choice plants that human beings ate only when necessary.
Why is the discovery of remains of many immature male herd animals at a site taken as evidence of human involvement with a herd?
Hunters kill animals they find; they do not go out of their way to kill only young males.
Only a small number of males are required for reproduction in a managed herd.
Hunters are likely to kill the animals easiest to hunt; immature wild male herd animals are always on the outskirts of the herd.
Both A and B are true.
Which of the following is NOT a theory for the cause of domestication?
Broad spectrum foraging
A population is living off a secure subsistence base, eating plants and animals caught by hunting, fishing, and gathering. The population expands, and as it does, it puts pressure on the resource base, forcing people to eat “third-choice” foods, especially grains. They discovered that the grain responded to human efforts to increase yields, and they came to rely increasingly on it. This scenario would fit best with which of the following theories of agricultural development?
Broad spectrum foraging theory
Resource base transformation theory
Population pressure theory
The appearance of domesticated plants is taken to be the end of one great cultural period and the beginning of another. The period that ENDS with the beginning of domestication is called the
Which of the following was one of the first crops domesticated in Southwest Asia?
In Mesoamerica, which of the following appeared together?
Archaeologists are coming to agree that domestication was everywhere invented by
Simple foragers living in marginal environments
Complex foragers living in areas of relatively abundant resources
Herders who decided to settle down
Aliens from outer space
Which of the following is a consequence of domestication?
Decline in quality of diet
Reliance on smaller number of plants
All of the above
How do sedentism and domestication represent a change in worldview?
People are more aware of the value of the natural environment
Land is transformed into owned territories
Plants and animals become objects of worship
All of the above
Which period of history began with the domestication of plants 10,300 years ago, and is referred to as the “New Stone Age”?
The production of amounts of food that exceed the basic subsistence needs of the population is called
Which of the following is archaeological evidence for social complexity?
Archaeologists digging at a site in southwest Asia find a series of burials that differ in size, construction, and the quantity of objects found in each. The archaeologists might conclude that the society responsible for the burials was
Both B and C
Michael Hoffman suggested that the massive expenditure of resources by early elites on luxury goods was a
Motor for trade
Tribute to their leadership offered by the “ordinary people” of the society
Way of consolidating power by forcing possible enemies to work for them
Way of demonstrating the superior power of the rulers
Which of the following is characteristic of a state?
A stratified society
Possesses a territory
Institutions to collect taxes
All of the above
Which of the following has been an explanation proposed for the rise of complex societies?
The need arose to construct and maintain irrigation systems in dry regions.
Population pressure required someone to exercise power to allocate resources and keep social chaos from erupting.
Sedentary life in farming villages gave people the leisure time to invent social and technological complexity.
All of the above
The main difficulty faced by theories that attempt to explain the origins of social complexity in terms of social relations, political culture, or religious beliefs is that
Such phenomena leave no clear traces in the archaeological record
Such phenomena are known to be unconnected to the origins of social complexity
Such phenomena ignore environmental factors
Both A and C
Which of the following describes the Early Horizon of Andean culture?
It was the first time that many communities had adopted a single cultural tradition.
It was the first known cultural tradition of the Chavín Horizon.
It was associated with the sixteenth-century cult of Pachacamac.
It was the first time a cultural tradition had been spread by conquest.
The Inka Empire differed from the earlier Chimú culture because it was based in
The Pacific coast