Key Concepts of Anthropology
Key Concepts of Anthropology

Key Concepts of Anthropology

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q1

The genetic information about particular biological traits encoded in an organism’s DNA is called the

A

Genotype

B

Infrabar

C

Phenotype

D

Ultrabar

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q2

The observable, measurable characteristics that are based on the genetic inheritance of an organism are called the

A

Genotype

B

Infrabar

C

Phenotype

D

Ultrabar

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q3

______________ Genotypes may produce ______________ phenotypes.

A

Different; different

B

Different; the same

C

The same; different

D

All of the above

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q4

What is the likely future of a given species?

A

Extinction

B

Transformation via evolution into another species

C

Stability

D

It depends on its genetic makeup

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q5

The distribution of skin pigmentation from the poles to the equator forms a

A

Cline

B

Chwartz

C

Kepllin

D

Koan

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q6

Denial of the existence of biological race

A

Is NOT to deny the existence of human biological or genetic diversity

B

Is to deny that the patterns of human diversity can be usefully sorted into just a handful of mutually exclusive categories

C

Resulted from the recognition that human variation does not come in neat divisions

D

All of the above

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q7

The creation of a new allele for a gene when the chemistry of the DNA molecule to which it corresponds is suddenly altered is called

A

Gene flow

B

Genetic drift

C

Mutation

D

Plasticity

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q8

Gene frequencies may be altered if a given population begins to interbreed with another population of the same species. This is known as

A

Gene flow

B

Genetic drift

C

Mutation

D

Natural selection

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q9

Random changes in gene frequencies from one generation to the next due to a sudden reduction in population size and resulting in the loss of particular alleles is known as

A

Gene flow

B

Genetic drift

C

Mutation

D

Natural selection

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q10

Assume that in a small population, 15 percent of the people are blue-eyed and have brown hair. Assume further that within this population, there is an adventurous group that wishes to explore the region and settle down in new territory. Of this adventurous group, 87 percent are blue-eyed and have brown hair. When they leave, the gene frequencies in the remaining population will change for blue-eyes and brown hair in the next generation. This is an example of

A

Gene flow

B

Genetic drift

C

Mutation

D

Natural selection

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q11

Which of the following is an example of acclimatization?

A

Shivering

B

Increased lung capacity in people raised at high altitudes

C

Increased male baldness in northern climates

D

Both A and B

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q12

Which of the following features are connected with variation in human skin color?

A

Protection against ultraviolet radiation

B

Impeding the destruction of folic acid

C

Synthesis of vitamin D in the skin

D

All of the above

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q13

Why is it that scores on IQ tests do not demonstrate racial differences in intelligence?

A

The assumption that traits essential to racial identity are discrete and nonoverlapping is false.

B

Differences between group scores on IQ tests may be due to cultural knowledge rather than intelligence.

C

Social class and educational background are more accurate predictors of IQ scores.

D

All of the above.

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q14

A change in the way the body functions in result to physical stress is called

A

Acclimatization

B

Adaptation

C

Plasticity

D

Pleiotropy

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q15

The theory of punctuated equilibrium is based on the observation that

A

Brief periods of intense speciation alternate with long periods of stasis

B

New species appear in the fossil record alongside their unchanged ancestors

C

Evolutionary change does not seem to occur at a constant pace

D

All of the above

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q16

Wings on birds and bats are an example of

A

An analogous trait

B

A homologous trait

C

Anagenesis

D

Cladogenesis

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q17

Genetic inheritance due to common ancestry is called

A

Homology

B

Analogy

C

Natural selection

D

Descent with modification

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q18

Tarsiers are included with anthropoids in the primate suborder Haplorhini because

A

Their upper lips are all attached to their gums by a web of skin

B

None of them have moist noses

C

The placenta of tarsiers is similar to the placenta of anthropoids

D

Both B and C

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q19

Which of the following terms refers to humans and their immediate ancestors?

A

Hominoid

B

Humanoid

C

Hominin

D

Anthropoid

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q20

Which of the following is NOT an anthropoid?

A

Chimpanzee

B

Howler monkey

C

President Barrack Obama

D

None of the above; all are anthropoids

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q21

When males and females of the same species show observable phenotypic differences in, for example, size, the species is said to show

A

Gender distinctiveness

B

Phenotypic magnitude

C

Sexual differentiation

D

Sexual dimorphism

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q22

Adult male gorillas

A

Are much larger than females

B

Treat immature gorillas with tolerance

C

Eat primarily meat

D

Both A and B

Key Concepts of Anthropology Q23

Which of the following primate groups apparently uses sexual behavior to manipulate relationships rather than to increase reproductive rates?

A

Gibbons

B

Gorillas

C

Bonobos

D

Chimpanzees