Evolution
Evolution

Evolution

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Evolution Q1

The term for physical shape and size of an organism or its body parts is its

A

Size

B

Morphology

C

Shape

D

Taxonomy

Evolution Q2

Wings on birds and bats are an example of

A

An analogous trait

B

A homologous trait

C

Anagenesis

D

Cladogenesis

Evolution Q3

Genetic inheritance due to common ancestry is called

A

Homology

B

Analogy

C

Natural selection

D

Descent with modification

Evolution Q4

Tarsiers are included with anthropoids in the primate suborder Haplorhini because

A

Their upper lips are all attached to their gums by a web of skin

B

None of them have moist noses

C

The placenta of tarsiers is similar to the placenta of anthropoids

D

Both B and C

Evolution Q5

Which of the following terms refers to humans and their immediate ancestors?

A

Hominoid

B

Humanoid

C

Hominin

D

Anthropoid

Evolution Q6

Which of the following is NOT an anthropoid?

A

Chimpanzee

B

Howler monkey

C

President Barrack Obama

D

None of the above; all are anthropoids

Evolution Q7

When males and females of the same species show observable phenotypic differences in, for example, size, the species is said to show

A

Gender distinctiveness

B

Phenotypic magnitude

C

Sexual differentiation

D

Sexual dimorphism

Evolution Q8

Adult male gorillas

A

Are much larger than females

B

Treat immature gorillas with tolerance

C

Eat primarily meat

D

Both A and B

Evolution Q9

Which of the following primate groups apparently uses sexual behavior to manipulate relationships rather than to increase reproductive rates?

A

Gibbons

B

Gorillas

C

Bonobos

D

Chimpanzees

Evolution Q10

Which of the following is NOT an ancestral characteristic of primates?

A

A collar bone

B

Five digits on hands and feet

C

Plantigrade locomotion

D

Stereoscopic vision

Evolution Q11

Which of the following has NOT been offered as an explanation for the anatomical attributes of the earliest primates?

A

Life in the trees

B

Feeding at night on insects at the ends of branches in the lower levels of the tropical forest

C

Switching from insect predation to consumption of edible plant parts

D

Life on the ground

Evolution Q12

Which of the following features is found in modern lemurs, but NOT in their fossil ancestors?

A

Four premolars

B

A tooth comb

C

Generalized incisors and canines

D

Forward-facing eyes

Evolution Q13

Bilophodont molars are now believed to be

A

Found among all apes and human beings

B

Primitive for all Old World anthropoids

C

Later developments among Old World monkeys

D

Uniquely derived traits of New World monkeys

Evolution Q14

Y-5 molars are found in which of the following primate groups?

A

Apes

B

Humans

C

New World monkeys

D

Both A and B

Evolution Q15

The fossils of Proconsul have been found in

A

Africa

B

Asia

C

Europe

D

All of the above

Evolution Q16

Contemporary taxonomists classify African apes and humans together as

A

Anthropoids

B

Hominoids

C

Hominids

D

Hominins

Evolution Q17

Most hominin fossils older than 3 million years of age are called

A

Anthropoids

B

Australopiths

C

Protohominines

D

Australoids

Evolution Q18

The foramen magnum is the

A

Hole formed by the pelvic bones that determines the size of the birth canal

B

Hole at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes on its way to the brain

C

Space between the zygomatic arch and the skull through which the temporal muscle passes

D

Angle of the spinal cord as it passes into the brain

Evolution Q19

The bones of the fingers and toes of A. afarensis are slightly curved, and the toes are much longer than the toes of modern human beings. This suggests to paleoanthropologists that

A

The bipedalism of A. afarensis was even more efficient that that of modern human beings

B

A. afarensis did not move with a full striding gait, as later hominins did

C

A. afarensis retained significant tree-climbing ability

D

Both B and C

Evolution Q20

According to Linda Fedigan, the contributors to the volume Man the Hunter

A

Provided genetic evidence that the biological bases for killing have been incorporated into human psychology

B

Succeeded in defining “hunting” in a consistent manner

C

Provided ethnographic evidence that contemporary hunter-gatherers were more dependent on plant food gathered by women than they were on meat hunted by men

D

Worked with a model of human origins that was based on traditional role expectations for Western men and women

Evolution Q21

The role women play in food procurement in contemporary foraging societies suggests that a unique skill in the earliest human societies was the

A

Invention of endurance hunting techniques that enabled both men and women to travel long distances together

B

Ability of women to arrange their reproductive lives around the demands of their food-gathering activities

C

Ability of men and women to live apart from one another for long periods

D

Ability of active, productive males to provision passive, unproductive females who stayed in base camps to tend offspring

Evolution Q22

As it has become increasingly clear to paleoanthropologists that human beings are the product of mosaic evolution,

A

They have begun to pay attention to the earliest common features that define “human nature” in distant human ancestors

B

They are less willing to claim that a bundle of traits signifying “human nature” originated at one time among our distant ancestors

C

They are increasingly supportive of the “man the hunter” scenario

D

They are less willing to claim that either hunting or gathering was the force that drove the development of “human nature” in our distant ancestors

Evolution Q23

Paleoanthropologists suspect that perhaps more than one species belonging to the genus Homo may have coexisted in eastern Africa in the early Pleistocene because

A

The fossils assigned to Homo habilis show too much internal variation to all belong to the same species

B

More than one species of robust australopithecine coexisted in the late Pliocene

C

More than one species of gracile australopithecine has been found in southern Africa

D

Both robust and gracile australopithecines coexisted in earlier periods

Evolution Q24

The first specimens of the oldest human tools were part of which tradition?

A

Core tradition

B

Oldowan tradition

C

Acheulean tradition

D

Chopping tool tradition

Evolution Q25

Which of the following is NOT a typical feature of the skull of Homo erectus?

A

Heavy brow ridges

B

A cranial capacity of around 1,000 cubic centimeters

C

An occipital bun

D

A sagittal crest

Evolution Q26

Recent work by taphonomists on sites and remains associated with Homo erectus has led them to question

A

Whether Homo erectus hunters killed the animals whose bones have been found together with Acheulean tools

B

Whether Homo erectus used fire to cook the meat of the animals whose bones have been found in association with Homo erectus remains

C

Whether Homo erectus practiced cannibalism

D

All of the above