Early Sociocultural Organization
Early Sociocultural Organization

Early Sociocultural Organization

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

Student Price: FREE

An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Early Sociocultural Organization Q1

Comparative information on human sexual practices worldwide suggests that

A

Comparative information on human sexual practices worldwide suggests that

B

A double standard, in which married men are free to take lovers but married women are not, is universally observed

C

Expectations of an active and satisfying sexual life are found everywhere

D

None of the above

Early Sociocultural Organization Q2

Eleanor Leacock argued that women’s subordination to men could be connected explicitly to

A

Genetics.

B

The rise of private property and the emergence of the state

C

Ecological factors connected with the development of domestication and sedentism

D

A form of binary cultural thinking that opposed male to female

Early Sociocultural Organization Q3

If the distinctiveness of male and female characteristics can be used to make concrete people’s ideas about the nature of social relations means that

A

If the distinctiveness of male and female characteristics can be used to make concrete people’s ideas about the nature of social relations means that

B

Gender is natural

C

Gendered forms of inequality can be explained by other forms of social relations

D

Gender roles can be changed once people decide on new understandings of male and female characteristics

Early Sociocultural Organization Q4

In the traditional view, what is the difference between classes and castes?

A

Classes are open; castes are closed

B

Classes are achieved; castes ascribed.

C

Classes are independent; castes are interdependent

D

Classes are contemporary; castes are historic

Early Sociocultural Organization Q5

Ranked groups within a hierarchically stratified society that are closed, prohibiting individuals to move from one rank to another is a

A

Classes

B

Castes

C

Clientage

D

Ethnic groups

Early Sociocultural Organization Q6

A key element recognized by all anthropologists who use the concept of caste is that caste groups are

A

Endogamous

B

Exogamous

C

Unequal

D

Open

Early Sociocultural Organization Q7

The systematic oppression of one or more socially defined “races” by another socially defined “race” that is justified in terms of the supposedly inherent biological superiority of the rulers and the supposed inherent biological inferiority of those they rule is called

A

Slavery

B

Discrimination

C

Imperialism

D

Racism

Early Sociocultural Organization Q8

The social category of race

A

The social category of race

B

Is based on the measurable differences among biological races

C

Is less relevant to people’s lives than is biological category of race

D

All of the above

Early Sociocultural Organization Q9

The social category of race is

A

A category that derives from human biology

B

A relatively recent invention

C

An achieved status that goes back to the ancient Greeks

D

Based on other forms of biological classification

Early Sociocultural Organization Q10

Some anthropologists argue that ethnicity becomes racialized under certain circumstances. Why?

A

To mark and stigmatize certain peoples as essentially different

B

To take account of the way in which long-term intermarriage within an ethnic group can lead to the formation of a race

C

To enable members to take advantage of the stronger position that membership in a race provides them

D

All of the above

Early Sociocultural Organization Q11

Social groups that are distinguished from one another on the basis of cultural features such as language, religion, or dress are referred to as

A

Castes

B

Classes

C

Ethnic groups

D

Races

Early Sociocultural Organization Q12

A group of people believed to share the same history, culture, language, and even physical substance constitute a(n)

A

Class

B

Caste

C

Nation

D

Race

Early Sociocultural Organization Q13

The reshaping of local conditions by powerful worldwide forces on an ever-intensifying scale is the concept of

A

Development

B

Globalization

C

Modernization

D

Neoliberalism.

Early Sociocultural Organization Q14

Stratified reproduction refers to

A

A hierarchy of modes of production when applied to the future of the next generation

B

A postmodern approach to politics that refers to the class struggle in formerly autonomous societies

C

A global process in which some categories of people are empowered reproduce while others are not

D

The effect of a postnational ethos on birth rates

Early Sociocultural Organization Q15

A characteristic of Western modernity has been

A

Massive global displacements of people

B

The emergence of a single world business and communication language

C

An increasingly orderly way of life

D

The rise of strong nation-states that can effectively police their boundaries

Early Sociocultural Organization Q16

When people live permanently in a setting in which they are surrounded by people with cultural backgrounds different from their own and are struggling to define with them the degree to which the cultural beliefs and practices should or should not be accorded respect and recognition, they are said to live in a

A

Cosmopolitan society

B

Hybrid society

C

Multicultural society

D

Transnational society

Early Sociocultural Organization Q17

Arguments that pit human rights against culture depend on the assumption that

A

Cultures are homogeneous

B

Cultures are unchanging

C

Each society has one culture that its members have to follow

D

All of the above

Early Sociocultural Organization Q18

To argue that all peoples have a human right to maintain their own distinct culture is to assume that

A

Cultural diversity is valuable in itself

B

Such things as universal human rights exist

C

International bodies such as the United Nations are obliged to intervene to protect the rights of groups

D

Both A and B

Early Sociocultural Organization Q19

Anthropological studies of social, political, and economic change provide considerable evidence that

A

Human beings are passive in the face of the new

B

Human beings actively and resiliently respond to life’s challenges

C

Indigenous peoples are everywhere doomed to extinction in the face of the expansion of the capitalist world system

D

Without the direction provided by theorists of social change from the “developed” world, ordinary citizens of “underdeveloped” lands cannot organize themselves in the face of diversity