Archaeology
Archaeology

Archaeology

Lead Author(s): Washington State Colleges

Source: Open Course Library

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An anthropological question pack by Teri L. Tucker for Washington State Colleges.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Archaeology Q1
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Social relationships that are prototypically derived from the universal human experiences of mating, birth, and nurturance are called

A

Affinity

B

Friendship

C

Kinship

D

Relatedness

Archaeology Q2

The institution that transforms the status of the participants, carries implications about permitted sexual access, the position of offspring in the society and establishes new kin connections is

A

Adoption

B

Descent

C

Kinship

D

Marriage

Archaeology Q3

Kinship relationships based primarily on nurturance are examples of

A

Adoption

B

Descent

C

Kinship

D

Marriage

Archaeology Q4

Which of the following terms do anthropologists use to refer to the cultural construction of beliefs and behaviors considered appropriate for males and females in a particular society?

A

Sex

B

Gender

C

Hermaphroditism

D

Berdache

Archaeology Q5

The so-called berdache of many indigenous North American societies is an example of a supernumerary sex

A

Based on the presence of ambiguous genitals at birth

B

That was deliberately created by destroying or removing a male’s testicles before puberty

C

Based on the surgical removal of genitalia on adult males

D

That is a role that apparently had nothing to do with morphological sex anomalies

Archaeology Q6

The principle that a descent group is formed by people who believe they are related to each other by connections made through their mothers and fathers equally is the principle of

A

Bilateral descent

B

Double descent

C

Familial descent

D

Unilineal descent

Archaeology Q7

A descent group formed by members who believe they have a common (sometimes mythical) ancestor is a

A

Lineage

B

Clan

C

Tribe

D

Moiety

Archaeology Q8

Which of the following would NOT belong to a man’s patrilineage?

A

His sister’s son

B

His father’s brother’s daughter

C

His father’s sister

D

His sister

Archaeology Q9

The transfer of certain symbolically important goods from the family of the groom to the family of the bride on the occasion of their marriage is called

A

Bridewealth

B

Dowry

C

Marriage right

D

Wedding gift

Archaeology Q10

Kinship terminologies suggest

A

The boundaries of the significant groups in the society

B

Where cleavages within groups are likely to occur

C

The structure of rights and obligations assigned to different members of the society

D

All of the above

Archaeology Q11

The social positions people may attain later in life, often as the result of their own effort are

A

Achieved statuses

B

Affinal statuses

C

Ascribed statuses

D

Consanguineal statuses

Archaeology Q12

“Daughter” and “son” are examples of

A

Ascribed statuses

B

Achieved statuses

C

Contractual statuses

D

Innate statuses

Archaeology Q13

Marriage outside the boundaries of a defined social group is called

A

Affinity

B

Consanguinity

C

Endogamy

D

Exogamy

Archaeology Q14

The postmarital residence rule requiring a couple to live with, or near, the wife’s mother is called

A

Patrilocal

B

Matrilocal

C

Avunculocal

D

Neolocal

Archaeology Q15

A form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses is called

A

Monogamy

B

Polygamy

C

Exogamy

D

Endogamy

Archaeology Q16

A spousal pattern in which a woman may have multiple husbands is called

A

Polygamy

B

Polygyny

C

Polyandry

D

Polyphony

Archaeology Q17

Marriage patterns

A

Reveal differences in the culturally shaped understanding of male and female sexuality

B

Are a function of the urgency of male sexual desire

C

Universally subordinate females to males

D

Are universally concerned with controlling men’s sexuality

Archaeology Q18

Which spousal patterns control women’s sexuality more closely than they control men’s sexuality?

A

Exogamy and endogamy

B

Monogamy and polyandry

C

Monogamy and polygyny

D

Polygyny and polyandry

Archaeology Q19

For anthropologists, a nuclear family is made up of

A

A married couple

B

A married couple and their children

C

The line of people who are directly related to one another: grandparents, parents, and children

D

A bilateral kindred

Archaeology Q20

Which of the following observations about polygynous families is false?

A

Children with the same mother are not distinguished from children with different mothers.

B

Children of different wives are never jealous of one another, since they learn to think of all the wives as “mothers” who are equally concerned about their welfare.

C

Disputes about inheritance are rare, since only rich men capable of providing well for all his children can become polygynous in the first place.

D

All of the above statements are false.

Archaeology Q21

The relatively “unofficial” bonds that people construct with one another that tend to be personal, affective, and often a matter of choice are collectively referred to as

A

Affective connection

B

Friendship

C

Kinship

D

Families by choice