Cancer Biology and Gene Expression
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A Cancer Biology question pack from Saylor Academy.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
A growing mass of dividing cells is known as a tumor or ______________.
Cancers are named for their ______________.
Location of origin
Tumors that only grow locally and do not spread are known as ______________.
In what ways do scientists in the lab study cancer?
Studying yeast cell cultures
Conducting experiments using mice
Researching basic cell biology
All of the above
James Watson and Francis Crick won a Nobel Prize for which of the following?
Describing the chemical structure of DNA
Outlining how cancer spreads
Identifying mutations that cause cancer
Establishing guidelines for cancer therapy
What is the most common type of cancer?
What is the one characteristic that all cancers have?
Loss of growth control
Origination in lymph
What was the major contribution of Rudolf Virchow to cancer biology?
He explained cancer development with autopsy findings.
He correlated cancer progression to microscopy findings.
He described the humoral theory.
He thought that cancer cells came from lymph.
When does cancer growth begin?
When new cells are being formed faster than needed
When cell death surpasses cell division (growth)
When cell division equals cell death
When cells no longer divide
Which is true of the cancer described by Nobel Prize winner Peyton Rous?
It was the first induced in lab animals.
It was the first known to be caused by a virus.
It developed because of the carcinogen tobacco.
It was caused by coal tar.
Which of the following is true of the theory that cancer is infectious?
The theory that cancer is infectious is well established and proven true.
The theory that cancer is infectious led cancer patients years ago to be housed in the city near other people including doctors.
The theory that cancer is infectious was based on several members of the same household contracting breast cancer.
The theory that cancer is infectious explains how cancer cells spread within a person.
Which of the following statements about the ancient Roman doctor Galen is accurate?
He described cancer as curable.
He did not believe in cancer.
He thought that cancer was incurable.
He outlined cancer treatments.
Which of the following statements about the Scottish surgeon John Hunter is true?
He developed anesthesia
He performed autopsies.
He did radical mastectomies.
He explained that some tumors can be removed.
What Greek physician coined the term cancer, after it reminded him of a crab?
Adenine in DNA will only bind to which of the following?
DNA exposure to UV radiation can cause which of the following?
During DNA replication (copying), what mechanism is used to repair errors?
Each DNA sequence (gene) is a “recipe” for a particular ______________.
The process of translation leads to a string of ______________ that will form the protein.
How many different kinds of nitrogenous bases are found in DNA?
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