Anatomy: Systems II
Anatomy: Systems II

Anatomy: Systems II

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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A question pack on anatomies of the Nervous, Cardiovascular, Lymphatic, and Respiratory Systems.

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These questions are courtesy of Saylor Academy (https://legacy.saylor.org/bio302/Intro/). The Human Anatomy course was designed by Ann Schlosser. All questions are available under the Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0:(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)

A

I agree

B

I accept

Nervous System 1

Bundles of nerve cell bodies are known as which of the following?

A

Gray matter

B

White matter

C

Nodes of Ranvier

D

Dendrites

E

Axons

Nervous System 2

Fill in the blank. Motor neurons exit the spinal cord through the ______.

A

Dorsal root

B

Ventral root

C

Thoracic vertebra

D

Somatic area

E

Neuromuscular junction

Nervous System 3

The digestive tract is innervated by which subsection of the nervous system?

A

Central

B

Somatic

C

Autonomic

D

Dendritic

E

Ventral

Nervous System 4

Where is the thalamus located?

A

Prefrontal cortex

B

Throat

C

Mesencephalon

D

Diencephalon

E

Brainstem

Nervous System 5

Which area of the body is affected by the T4 spinal nerve?

A

Ankle

B

Shoulder

C

Big toe

D

Pectorals

E

Upper leg

Nervous System 6

Which of the following statements is true of cranial nerve X?

A

Cranial nerve X is the vagus, involved in heart rate and digestion.

B

Cranial nerve X is the trigeminal, involved in sensation of the mouth and chewing.

C

Cranial nerve X is the vestibulocochlear, involved in hearing and balance

D

Cranial nerve X is the trigeminal, involved in cyclical movements.

E

Cranial nerve X is the vagus, involved in the swallowing reflex.

Nervous System 7

Which of the following statements is true of cranial nerve VI?

A

Cranial nerve VI is the hypoglossal, which controls the tongue.

B

Cranial nerve VI is the oculomotor, which moves the eye

C

Cranial nerve VI is the hypoglossal, which aids in taste

D

Cranial nerve VI is the abducens, which is involved in visual perception.

E

Cranial nerve VI is the abducens, which moves the eye from side to side.

Nervous System 8

Which lobe of the brain is located at the very back of the head?

A

Temporal

B

Occipital

C

Frontal

D

Somatosensory

E

Premotor

Circulatory System 1

Fill in the blank. The iliac arteries stem from the ______.

A

Descending aorta

B

Genicular artery

C

Femoral artery

D

Brachial artery

E

Carotid artery

Circulatory System 2

Fill in the blanks. The pulmonary vein carries blood from the ______ to the ______.

A

arms, heart

B

head, heart

C

heart, lungs

D

lungs, heart

E

lungs, brain

Circulatory System 3
question description

The red arrow in this picture indicates what structure? (Image Source: Lynch, Patrick. Wikimedia: Creative Commons, Attribution 2.5 Generic, 2006.)

A

Aorta

B

Pulmonary artery

C

Vena cava

D

Pulmonary vein

E

Genicular artery

Circulatory System 4

The vena cava supplies blood to which of the following?

A

Left ventricle

B

Right atrium

C

Lungs

D

Left atrium

E

Arms

Circulatory System 5

Where are genicular arteries located?

A

Surrounding the ulna

B

In the neck

C

In the hand

D

Surrounding the knee

E

Attached to the aorta

Circulatory System 6

Where is the cephalic vein located?

A

In the neck

B

Along the back of the leg

C

In the arm

D

Surrounding the knee

E

Between the heart and lungs

Circulatory System 7

Where is the saphenous vein located?

A

In the arm

B

In the leg

C

In the neck

D

In the abdomen

E

In the scalp

Circulatory System 8

Where is the tricuspid valve located?

A

Between the right ventricle and left ventricle

B

Between the right ventricle and the pulmonary vein

C

Between the left atrium and aorta

D

Between the coronary artery and marginal artery

E

Between the right atrium and right ventricle

Circulatory System 9
question description

The red arrow in this picture indicates what structure? (Image Source: Lynch, Patrick. Wikimedia: Creative Commons, Attribution 2.5 Generic, 2006.)

A

Left ventricle

B

Right ventricle

C

Right atrium

D

Left atrium

E

Septum

Lymphatic/Immune System 1

Monocytes from the bone marrow give rise to which type of immune cells?

A

Lymphocytes

B

B cells

C

Macrophages

D

T cells

E

Killer cells

Lymphatic/Immune System 2

What is the lymphatic organ found within the rib cage but below the diaphragm called?

A

Thymus

B

Spleen

C

Tonsils

D

Great node

E

Lymphatic vessel

Lymphatic/Immune System 3

What is the lymphatic organ located between the lungs and above the heart called?

A

Thymus

B

Spleen

C

Tonsils

D

Great node

E

Lymphatic vessel

Lymphatic/Immune System 4

What part of the body produces T cells?

A

Spleen

B

Right lymphatic duct

C

Bone marrow

D

Thymus

E

Tonsils

Lymphatic/Immune System 5

Where does the thoracic duct drain into?

A

The descending aorta

B

The lymphatic vessels

C

The subclavian vein

D

The nasal sinuses

E

The radial artery

Lymphatic/Immune System 6

Which group of lymph nodes is located in the general armpit area?

A

Axillary

B

Parotid

C

Popliteal

D

Ulnar

E

Supratrochlear

Lymphatic/Immune System 7

Which of the following are NOT lymph nodes within the head and neck?

A

Parotid

B

Retropharyngeal

C

Anterior auricular

D

Cervical

E

Popliteal

Lymphatic/Immune System 8

Where are the intercostal lymph glands located?

A

In the neck, near the carotid artery

B

Along the spine, in the thoracic area

C

In the inguinal area

D

Near the elbow joint

E

Proximal to the pituitary

Respiratory System 1

Fill in the blank. Alveolar sacs hang from the ______.

A

Bronchioles

B

Pleurae

C

Lobules

D

Lungs

E

Bronchi

Respiratory System 2

Fill in the blank. Cells in the nasal mucosa that occur in spaces between the pseudostratified columnar epithelium are known as ______.

A

Goblet cells

B

Basement membrane

C

Cilia

D

Mucosa

E

Turbinates

Respiratory System 3

Fill in the blank. The costal surface of the lungs faces the ______.

A

Heart

B

Diaphragm

C

Rib cage

D

Chin

E

Abdominal cavity

Respiratory System 4

Fill in the blanks. Bronchi connect the ______ to the ______.

A

nose, mouth

B

ears, nose

C

trachea, lungs

D

nose, trachea

E

lungs, heart

Respiratory System 5

What are the viscera that surround the lungs, protecting the lungs and attaching to other internal connective tissue, called?

A

Lung sac

B

Alveolar sac

C

Pleurae

D

Pharynx

E

Connective tissue

Respiratory System 6

What is the structure that connects the nasal cavity to the larynx?

A

Trachea

B

Sphenoid sinus

C

Pharynx

D

Frontal sinus

E

Esophagus

Respiratory System 7

Where is the thyroid cartilage located?

A

Between the hyoid bone and the cricoid cartilage

B

Above both the hyoid bone and the cricoid cartilage

C

Beneath the cricoid cartilage and above the hyoid bone

D

Above the epiglottis

E

In the sphenoid sinus

Respiratory System 8

Where are the ethmoid sinuses located?

A

On the cheeks

B

In the chin area

C

Above the eye orbits

D

Between the eyes

E

In the ear

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