Anatomy: Systems I
Anatomy: Systems I

Anatomy: Systems I

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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Explore the Digestive, Urinary, Endocrine, and Reproductive systems with this anatomical question pack.

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These questions are courtesy of Saylor Academy (https://legacy.saylor.org/bio302/Intro/). The Human Anatomy course was designed by Ann Schlosser. All questions are available under the Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0:(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)

A

I agree

B

I accept

Digestive System 1

Approximately how long is the small intestine?

A

10 feet

B

5 feet

C

15 feet

D

20 feet

E

45 feet

Digestive System 2

Bile is synthesized in which of the following organs?

A

Pancreas

B

Gallbladder

C

Stomach

D

Small intestine

E

Liver

Digestive System 3

Fill in the blank. The duodenum is part of the ______.

A

Stomach

B

Large intestine

C

Small intestine

D

Esophagus

E

Colon

Digestive System 4

How are the jejunum and the ileum differentiated?

A

They are separated by the large intestine

B

The jejunum has larger villi and thicker circular folds than the ileum

C

The ileum has larger villi and thicker circular folds than the jejunum

D

The oblique fissure separates them

E

Both C and D

Digestive System 5

What are the three types of gastric glands?

A

Pyloric, thracian, and duodenal

B

Cardiac, duodenal, and umbilical

C

Cardiac, pyloric, and fundus

D

Duodenal, thracian, and umbilical

E

Pyloric, cardiac, and lymphatic

Digestive System 6

Where is the cecum located?

A

Inside the colon

B

Between the esophagus and stomach

C

Between the duodenum and the ileum

D

At the beginning of the large intestine

E

Between the stomach and small intestine

Digestive System 7

Where is the liver located?

A

Between the diaphragm and the stomach

B

Between the large intestine and colon

C

Between the heart and lungs

D

Between the bladder and the uterus

E

Above the pleurae

Digestive System 8

Fill in the blank. The connection between the esophagus and the stomach is known as the ______.

A

Cardiac orifice

B

Pyloric orifice

C

Greater curvature

D

Lesser curvature

E

Duodenum

Urinary System 1

Fill in the blank. In a nephron, the proximal convoluted tubule is located ______ the loop of Henle.

A

Between

B

Across from

C

Before

D

After

E

Underneath

Urinary System 2

Fill in the blank. In the female, the bladder is located ______ the uterus.

A

Above

B

Below

C

To the right side of

D

To the left side of

E

Nowhere near

Urinary System 3

Fill in the blank. The recessed area in the kidney, where the renal vein, renal artery, and ureter enter, is known as the ______.

A

Hilum

B

Sulcus

C

Gyrus

D

Calyx

E

Cortex

Urinary System 4

In a nephron, which of the following is attached to the collecting duct?

A

Loop of Henle

B

Proximal convoluted tubule

C

Distal convoluted tubule

D

Hilum

E

Glomerulus

Urinary System 5

The descending loop of Henle is impermeable to which of the following?

A

Water

B

Salt

C

Vinegar

D

HCl (hydrogen chloride)

E

Acetic Acid

Urinary System 6

What does the structure of the ureter consist of?

A

A cortex and medulla

B

An epithelium and fibrous coat

C

Muscular tissue only

D

Three coats: fibrous, muscular, and mucous

E

None of the above

Urinary System 7

Which of the following best describes the Bowman’s capsule?

A

It is part of the renal vein

B

It sits in the hilum.

C

It surrounds the glomerulus

D

It surrounds the distal convoluted tubule.

E

It is part of the collecting duct.

Urinary System 8

Fill in the blank. The part of a nephron that extends from the kidney cortex into the medulla is the ______.

A

Bowman’s capsule

B

Loop of Henle

C

Ureter

D

Glomerulus

E

Hilum

Endocrine System 1

Fill in the blank. The blood-testis barrier is formed by the ______.

A

Epididymis

B

Sertoli cells

C

Vas deferens

D

Spermatic plexus

E

Sperm nuclei

Endocrine System 2

The thymus is largest during which stage of life?

A

Infancy

B

Early childhood

C

Puberty

D

Adulthood

E

Senescence

Endocrine System 3

What are the specific structures that produce insulin called?

A

Bowman’s capsules

B

Glomeruli

C

Islets of Langerhans

D

Alveoli

E

Intestinal ducts

Endocrine System 4

Where are the adrenal glands located?

A

At the base of the skull, in the back of the neck

B

Just above the amygdala

C

Near the hyoid bone

D

Just above the kidneys

E

Between the lungs and above the heart

Endocrine System 5

Where are the parathyroid glands located?

A

Inside the brain

B

Within the neck

C

In the thorax

D

In the epigastric region of the abdomen

E

In the armpit area

Endocrine System 6

Where does the formation of sperm take place?

A

Seminal vesicles

B

Epididymis

C

Seminiferous tubules

D

Vas Deferens

E

Spermatic plexus

Endocrine System 7

Which of the following organs produces insulin?

A

Liver

B

Pancreas

C

Gallbladder

D

Kidneys

E

Small intestine

Endocrine System 8

Which of the following structures is the female homologue of a testis?

A

Uterus

B

Fallopian Tube

C

Ovary

D

Urethra

E

Stroma

Endocrine System 9

Where is the hypothalamus located?

A

Near the hyoid bone

B

At the base of the skull, in the back of the neck

C

Just above the liver

D

Just behind and between the eyes

E

Next to the pancreas

Reproductive System 1

A sperm cell has how many chromosomes?

A

12

B

46

C

23

D

14

E

43

Reproductive System 2

Maturation of sperm cells occurs in which of the following areas?

A

Ductus deferens

B

Penis

C

Epididymis

D

Urethra

E

Prostate

Reproductive System 3

Ovulation is triggered by which of the following hormones?

A

FSH

B

Testosterone

C

GnRH

D

LH

E

HCG

Reproductive System 4

What does spermatogenesis mean?

A

Sperm formation

B

Sperm death

C

Sperm division

D

Egg production

E

Zygote formation

Reproductive System 5

What is the initial part of the female duct system called?

A

Fallopian tube

B

Fimbriae

C

Follicle

D

Cervix

E

Vagina

Reproductive System 6

What is the rounded region that is located superior to the uterine tube called?

A

Lumes

B

Cervix

C

Fundus

D

Fornix

E

Ovary

Reproductive System 7

What is the skin that covers the penis called?

A

Glans

B

Prepuce

C

Testis

D

Bulb

E

Sertoli

Reproductive System 8

Which of the following layers shed during menses?

A

Myometrium

B

Perimetrium

C

Endometrium

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

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