Anatomy of the Nervous System

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From Openstax: Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 13, this question pack explores the brain, and nerve interaction with the brain, as well as briefly touching on strokes.

Anatomy of the Nervous System 13

13. Aside from the nervous system, which other organ system develops out of the ectoderm?

A

digestive

B

respiratory

C

integumentary

D

urinary

Anatomy of the Nervous System 14

14. Which primary vesicle of the embryonic nervous system does not differentiate into more vesicles at the secondary stage?

A

prosencephalon

B

mesencephalon

C

diencephalon

D

rhombencephalon

Anatomy of the Nervous System 15

15. Which adult structure(s) arises from the diencephalon?

A

thalamus, hypothalamus, retina

B

midbrain, pons, medulla

C

pons and cerebellum

D

cerebrum

Anatomy of the Nervous System 16

16. Which non-nervous tissue develops from the neuroectoderm?

A

respiratory mucosa

B

vertebral bone

C

digestive lining

D

craniofacial bone

Anatomy of the Nervous System 17

17. Which structure is associated with the embryologic development of the peripheral nervous system?

A

neural crest

B

neuraxis

C

rhombencephalon

D

neural tube

Anatomy of the Nervous System 18

18. Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is responsible for generating motor commands?

A

temporal

B

parietal

C

occipital

D

frontal

Anatomy of the Nervous System 19

19. What region of the diencephalon coordinates homeostasis?

A

thalamus

B

epithalamus

C

hypothalamus

D

subthalamus

Anatomy of the Nervous System 20

20. What level of the brain stem is the major input to the cerebellum?

A

midbrain

B

pons

C

medulla

D

spinal cord

Anatomy of the Nervous System 21

21. What region of the spinal cord contains motor neurons that direct the movement of skeletal muscles?

A

anterior horn

B

posterior horn

C

lateral horn

D

alar plate

Anatomy of the Nervous System 22

22. Brodmann’s areas map different regions of the $\text{__________}$ to particular functions.

A

cerebellum

B

cerebral cortex

C

basal forebrain

D

corpus callosum

Anatomy of the Nervous System 23

23. What blood vessel enters the cranium to supply the brain with fresh, oxygenated blood?

A

common carotid artery

B

jugular vein

C

internal carotid artery

D

aorta

Anatomy of the Nervous System 24

24. Which layer of the meninges surrounds and supports the sinuses that form the route through which blood drains from the CNS?

A

dura mater

B

arachnoid mater

C

subarachnoid

D

pia mater

Anatomy of the Nervous System 25

25. What type of glial cell is responsible for filtering blood to produce CSF at the choroid plexus?

A

ependymal cell

B

astrocyte

C

oligodendrocyte

D

Schwann cell

Anatomy of the Nervous System 26

26. Which portion of the ventricular system is found within the diencephalon?

A

lateral ventricles

B

third ventricle

C

cerebral aqueduct

D

fourth ventricle

Anatomy of the Nervous System 27

27. What condition causes a stroke?

A

inflammation of meninges

B

lumbar puncture

C

infection of cerebral spinal fluid

D

disruption of blood to the brain

Anatomy of the Nervous System 28

28. What type of ganglion contains neurons that control homeostatic mechanisms of the body?

A

sensory ganglion

B

dorsal root ganglion

C

autonomic ganglion

D

cranial nerve ganglion

Anatomy of the Nervous System 29

29. Which ganglion is responsible for cutaneous sensations of the face?

A

otic ganglion

B

vestibular ganglion

C

geniculate ganglion

D

trigeminal ganglion

Anatomy of the Nervous System 30

30. What is the name for a bundle of axons within a nerve?

A

fascicle

B

tract

C

nerve root

D

epineurium

Anatomy of the Nervous System 31

31. Which cranial nerve does not control functions in the head and neck?

A

olfactory

B

trochlear

C

glossopharyngeal

D

vagus

Anatomy of the Nervous System 32

32. Which of these structures is not under direct control of the peripheral nervous system?

A

trigeminal ganglion

B

gastric plexus

C

sympathetic chain ganglia

D

cervical plexus

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