Anatomy: Basics
Anatomy: Basics

Anatomy: Basics

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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Introduce students to the basics of anatomy and physiology with this question pack. Additionally, explore the Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems.

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These questions are courtesy of Saylor Academy (https://legacy.saylor.org/bio302/Intro/). The Human Anatomy course was designed by Ann Schlosser. All questions are available under the Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0:(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)

A

I agree

B

I accept

Introduction to Human Anatomy 1

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank to indicate where the part of the body is located. The spine is ___ to the abdominal region.

A

Dorsal

B

Transverse

C

Ventral

D

Sagittal

E

Inferior

Introduction to Human Anatomy 2

Choose the best answer to fill in the blank to indicate where the part of the body is located. The foot is ______ to the knee.

A

Ventral

B

Longitudinal

C

Lateral

D

Superior

E

Inferior

Introduction to Human Anatomy 3
question description

This picture shows a skull with a cut made through the top of it. Imagining the skull upright, as it would be naturally, in which plane was this cut made? (Image Source: Bernard, Bill. Wikimedia: Creative Commons, Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2004.)

A

Transverse

B

Oblique

C

Across

D

Sagittal

E

Ventral

Introduction to Human Anatomy 4

Where is the diaphragm located?

A

Abdomen

B

Hypogastric region

C

Inguinal area

D

Dorsal cavity

E

Thorax

Introduction to Human Anatomy 5

Which body system is responsible for systemic immune response?

A

Cardiovascular System

B

Integumentary System

C

Lymphatic System

D

Endocrine System

E

Respiratory System

Introduction to Human Anatomy 6

Which body system provides a protective covering for the body and all of the systems within the body?

A

Lymphatic system

B

Respiratory system

C

Sensory system

D

Integumentary system

E

Reproductive system

Introduction to Human Anatomy 7

Which two body systems work together to allow gas exchange (oxygen in, carbon dioxide out) throughout all the tissues in the body?

A

Respiratory and lymphatic systems

B

Cardiovascular and endocrine systems

C

Endocrine and urinary systems

D

Respiratory and cardiovascular systems

E

Endocrine and lymphatic systems

Introduction to Human Anatomy 8
question description

This picture shows a skull cut in half. In which plane was the cut made? (Image Source: McCormack, Tim. Wikimedia: Creative Commons, Public Domain, 2005.)

A

Dorsal

B

Coronal

C

Sagittal

D

Transverse

E

Vertical

Integumentary System 1

A hair is made up of which of the following?

A

A medulla, cortex, and cuticle

B

A fasciculus and inner cortex

C

An epithelium and root

D

An epithelium, root, and cuticle

Integumentary System 2

Fill in the blank. Sebaceous glands are in skin all over the body, except on the ______.

A

Nose

B

Ears

C

Palms of hands and soles of feet

D

Armpit

E

Scalp

Integumentary System 3

What do ceruminous glands secrete?

A

Sebum

B

Sweat

C

Milk

D

Ear wax

E

Mucus

Integumentary System 4

What do sudoriferous glands secrete?

A

Sebum

B

Milk

C

Odor

D

Ear wax

E

Sweat

Integumentary System 5

What is the part of the nail that originates from the living tissue of the nail matrix called?

A

Free margin

B

Nail plate

C

Nail sinus

D

Nail root

E

Nail body

Integumentary System 6

Where are apocrine sweat glands located?

A

All over the body

B

Everywhere except palms of hands and soles of feet

C

In the armpit, around the nipples, and in the groin area

D

On the face and scalp

E

Only in the armpit

Integumentary System 7

Where are merocrine, or eccrine, sweat glands located?

A

All over the body

B

Everywhere except palms of hands and soles of feet

C

In the armpit, around the nipples, and in the groin area

D

On the face and scalp

E

Only in the armpit

Integumentary System 8

What is the innermost layer of the skin called?

A

Epidermis

B

Mesodermis

C

Dermis

D

Subdermis

E

Hypodermis

Musculoskeletal System 1

Fill in the blank. The vomer is a ______.

A

Facial muscle

B

Facial bone

C

Muscle in phalanges

D

Back bone

E

Bone in the knee

Musculoskeletal System 2

The ethmoid bone forms part of which structure?

A

Chin

B

Cheek

C

Thumb

D

Ear

E

Nose

Musculoskeletal System 3

What are the names of the bones in the wrist?

A

Phalanges

B

Carpals

C

Metacarpals

D

Os Coxae

E

Tarsus

Musculoskeletal System 4

What kind of joint is the elbow?

A

Ginglymus

B

Ball and socket

C

Synarthrosis

D

Synchondrosis

E

Trochoid

Musculoskeletal System 5

Where is the ulna located?

A

Lower leg

B

Inguinal area

C

Upper leg

D

Forearm

E

Foot

Musculoskeletal System 6

Which bone connects the hip socket to the knee?

A

Humerus

B

Femur

C

Tibia

D

Patella

E

Fibula

Musculoskeletal System 7

Which of the following is NOT a part of the skull?

A

Zygomatic bone

B

Maxilla

C

Coccyx

D

Alveolar margin

E

Temporal process

Musculoskeletal System 8

Which of the following joints can perform both flexion and adduction?

A

Knee

B

Hip

C

Elbow

D

Metacarpal

E

Both B and D

Musculoskeletal System 9

Which of the following lists the regions of vertebrae from top to bottom?

A

Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral

B

Sacral, thoracic, lumbar, cervical

C

Thoracic, cervical, lumbar, sacral

D

Sacral, thoracic, cervical, lumbar

E

Lumbar, thoracic, cervical, sacral

Musculoskeletal System 10

What is the condition in which bones are porous and the bone density is reduced called?

A

Fibromyalgia

B

Osteitis

C

Osteoporosis

D

Myelopoiesis

E

Osteomalacia

Musculoskeletal System 11

Fill in the blank. The gracilis is located proximally to the ______.

A

Sartorius

B

Rectus femoris

C

Iliacus

D

Rectus abdominis

E

Frontalis

Musculoskeletal System 12

The masseter aids in what action?

A

Throwing a ball

B

Lifting a dumbbell

C

Chewing

D

Standing up

E

Sitting down

Musculoskeletal System 13

Where is the latissimus dorsi located?

A

Directly next to the spine

B

In the foot

C

In the lower back

D

In the inguinal area

E

Below the scapula

Musculoskeletal System 14

Where is the sartorius muscle located?

A

Forearm

B

Abdomen

C

Upper leg

D

Upper arm

E

Shoulder

Musculoskeletal System 15

Which muscle adducts the humerus?

A

Coracobrachialis

B

Biceps brachii

C

Deltoid

D

Sartorius

E

Triceps brachii

Musculoskeletal System 16

Which muscle allows you to raise your eyebrows?

A

Orbicularis oculi

B

Frontalis

C

Orbicularis oris

D

Soleus

E

Extensor retinaculum

Musculoskeletal System 17

Which of the following muscles aids in pointing the foot?

A

Fibularis tertius

B

Gastrocnemius

C

Tibialis anterior

D

Biceps femoris

E

Rectus femoris

Musculoskeletal System 18

Which type of muscular tissue has intercalated discs?

A

Cardiac

B

Smooth

C

Skeletal

D

Maxillary

E

Striated

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