Introduction to World Geography
Introduction to World Geography

Introduction to World Geography

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

An introduction to world geography including climate change and globalization.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Introduction to World Geography Q1

If the tilt of the Earth was 90 degrees rather than 23.5 degrees (that is, no tilt), then how many seasons would the Earth have?

A

One

B

Two

C

Three

D

Four

E

Five

Introduction to World Geography Q2

Due to the rain shadow effect, which of the following will occur?

A

More solar radiation will reach the windward side of a mountain range.

B

More solar radiation will reach the leeward side of a mountain range.

C

There will be drier conditions on the windward side of a mountain range.

D

There will be drier conditions on the leeward side of a mountain range.

E

There will be wetter conditions on the leeward side of a mountain range.

Introduction to World Geography Q3

As countries move from an agricultural to a(n) ______________ economy, there tends to be a shift in population from rural to urban settings.

A

industrial

B

capitalistic

C

socialistic

D

communistic

E

socialistic and communistic

Introduction to World Geography Q4

Deforestation results in less ______________ being removed from the atmosphere. When this occurs, heat radiation is less able to radiate out of the atmosphere and into space.

A

oxygen

B

carbon dioxide

C

nitrogen

D

water vapor

E

methane

Introduction to World Geography Q5

Fertility rate is the average number of children a woman in a particular country has in her lifetime. If a fertility rate for a given country is less than ______________, then the replacement level (the population of that country) is in decline (unless there is significant immigration).

A

2

B

1.5

C

2.1

D

1.7

E

3.5

Introduction to World Geography Q6

The main methods countries use to gain national wealth are based on sustainable ______________ models and value-added principles.

A

agricultural

B

national income

C

manufacturing

D

industrial

E

capitalistic

Introduction to World Geography Q7

When one begins to understand the ______________, it is easier to understand why people move from periphery to core.

A

monetary rates

B

manufacturing needs

C

geopolitics

D

global economy

E

infrastructure

Introduction to World Geography Q8
question description

Geographers use Population Pyramids when describing the general trends in population growth for a particular region. Population can either be rapidly expanding, expanding, stationary, or contracting. Which of the following population pyramids represents a rapidly expanding population growth?

A

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q9

If it is 4 pm in San Francisco, CA, what time is it in London, England?

A

7 pm

B

7 am

C

Midnight

D

Noon

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q10

If the tilt of the Earth was 0 degrees rather than 23.5 degrees (that is, no tilt), then how many seasons would the Earth have?

A

One

B

Two

C

Three

D

Four

E

Five

Introduction to World Geography Q11

On the date of the June Solstice (known as the “summer solstice” in the northern hemisphere), which of the following locations has the greatest amount of daylight hours?

A

Murmansk, Russia (69° north latitude)

B

Montevideo, Uruguay (35° south latitude)

C

Kontiala, Mali (12.5° north latitude)

D

Omaha, Nebraska (41° north latitude)

E

Both C and D

Introduction to World Geography Q12

There are 24 time zones in the world. How many degrees of longitude is each time zone?

A

20 degrees

B

40 degrees

C

30 degrees

D

15 degrees

E

60 degrees

Introduction to World Geography Q13

Along convergent zones, volcanoes and earthquakes may occur.

A

True

B

False

Introduction to World Geography Q14

What are the two main areas of focus in the discipline of geography?

A

Physical geography and human geography

B

Physical science and chemistry

C

Math and economics

D

Political geography and religion

E

Human geography and geology

Introduction to World Geography Q15

What does the term "ethnicity" mean?

A

Traits people are born with, including genetic backgrounds or physical features

B

Traits people learn after they are born, including language or religion

C

Physical characteristics that indicate a person's race

D

Both A and B

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q16

What locational information does latitude and longitude provide?

A

Longitude = north and south; Latitude = east and west.

B

Longitude = north and east; Latitude = south and west.

C

Longitude = east and west; Latitude = north and south.

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q17

What type of religion is Christianity?

A

Universal (or universalizing)

B

Ethnic (or cultural)

C

Tribal (or traditional)

D

All of the above

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q18

Which of the following accurately describes demographic transition?

A

The transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system

B

The transition from low birth and death rates to high birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system

C

The transition from high birth rates and low death rates to low birth rates and high death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system

D

The transition from low birth rates and high death rates to high birth rates and low death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system

E

None of the above

Introduction to World Geography Q19

What is the primary tool of the geographer?

A

The compass

B

The map

C

The sundial

D

The telescope

E

The computer

World Geography and Globalization Q4

The most recent wave of globalization, which began in the 1980s, has emphasized the outsourcing of which of the following?

A

Services and white-collar jobs

B

Manufacturing and blue-collar jobs

C

Mining jobs

D

Agriculture and farming

E

All of the above

World Geography and Globalization Q5

What is one of the more commonly expressed views on how globalization affects culture?

A

Culture is becoming more commercialized (that is, people are pretending to be of a certain culture or background simply to make money).

B

World culture is becoming homogenized, especially through the domination of Western influences.

C

Globalization is leading to greater diversity in cultural traditions and norms.

D

Globalization does not affect culture.

E

Both A and B

World Geography and Globalization Q6

What is one of the major driving forces of globalization today?

A

Economic downturn across nations of the world

B

The rising power of individual, multinational corporations

C

Technological advancements, including the Internet and social media

D

The United Nations and the Arab League

E

Both C and D

World Geography and Globalization Q2

Which of the following absorbs large quantities of carbon dioxide?

A

The oceans

B

The continents

C

Fossil fuels

D

Zooplankton

E

Both A and B

World Geography and Globalization Q3

Which of the following is a cause of climate change?

A

Variation in solar radiation due to changes in the Earth-Sun geometry

B

Variation in incoming solar radiation due to changes in Earth's atmosphere

C

Changes in the positions of continents and ocean basins

D

Overuse of fossil fuels and the addition of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere

E

All of the above

World Geography and Globalization Q1

What does the ozone layer protect us from?

A

Nothing, really

B

Infrared radiation

C

Ultraviolet radiation

D

Gamma radiation

E

Meteorites

Introduction to World Geography Q20

Which of the world's seven continents is the largest?

A

North America

B

South America

C

Australia

D

Antarctica

E

Asia

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