Australian, New Zealand and Pacific Geography
Australian, New Zealand and Pacific Geography

Australian, New Zealand and Pacific Geography

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on Australian, New Zealand geography focussing on human geography.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Australian and New Zealand Geography Q1

A "______________" in the 1950s in New Zealand yielded tremendous profits for New Zealand.

A

kiwi boom

B

tourism boom

C

lamb boom

D

wool boom

E

marsupial boom

Australian and New Zealand Geography Q2

What are the Wallace Line and the Weber Line?

A

The Wallace and Weber Lines are demarcation lines of clear environmental differences in species development between two sides. They are located just north of Australia to indicate the division between the Asian realm and the Austral realm.

B

The Wallace and Weber Lines are demarcation lines of clear environmental similarities in species development between two sides. They are located just north of Australia to indicate the division between the Asian realm and the Austral realm.

C

The Wallace and Weber Lines are demarcation lines of clear environmental differences in species development between two sides. They are located just south of Australia to indicate the division between the Asian realm and the Austral realm.

D

The Wallace and Weber Lines demarcation lines of clear environmental similarities in species development between two sides. The Wallace and Weber Lines are located just south of Australia to indicate the division between the Asian realm and the Austral realm.

E

The Wallace and Weber Lines are trade routes developed by Wallace and Weber.

Australian and New Zealand Geography Q4

Which country first colonized Australia and used it as a prison colony?

A

Spain

B

The United States

C

France

D

China

E

Great Britain

Australian and New Zealand Geography Q3

Which of the following statements best explains why the geographic isolation of Australia and New Zealand led to such high levels of biodiversity (i.e., speciation) in the realm?

A

Physical separation of population reduces biological competition.

B

Physical separation of populations prevents interbreeding and the mixing of gene pools.

C

Physical separation of populations provides more physical space for each group to grow in size and distribution.

D

Physical separation of populations stresses the organisms, thus causing genetic mutations.

E

None of the above

Australian and New Zealand Geography Q5

In 1840, British colonizers and the Maori signed the Treaty of Waitangi. What did the treaty provide to both the British and the Maori?

A

The treaty granted British sovereignty over the islands but allowed the Maori certain rights over tribal lands.

B

The treaty granted Maori sovereignty over the islands but allowed the British certain rights over tribal lands.

C

The treaty was essentially a purchase; the British purchased much of New Zealand from the Maori.

D

The treaty established a free trade agreement between the British and the Maori.

E

None of the above

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q1

Although natural causes of climate change occur, humans also play a role. The burning of fossil fuels and the chopping down of the rainforests are increasing the volume of which of the following chemicals in the atmosphere and therefore accelerating climate change?

A

Glucose

B

Carbon dioxide

C

Methane

D

Both B and C

E

None of the above

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q2

Approximately how many total feet would sea level rise if the polar ice caps were to completely melt?

A

20 feet

B

30 feet

C

1000 feet

D

2000 feet

E

200 feet

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q3

If an island does not extend too far above sea level, what is it called?

A

A high island

B

A low island

C

A marsh island

D

A coral island

E

An everglade island

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q4

In which season are ozone levels over Antarctica reduced, and why?

A

Summer, because of the development of more polar stratospheric clouds

B

Winter, because of the development of more polar stratospheric clouds

C

Spring, because of the development of more polar stratospheric clouds

D

Autumn, because of the development of more polar stratospheric clouds

E

Both A and B

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q5

The Pacific Islands are divided into three main groups based on which of the following?

A

Physical geography

B

Local inhabitants

C

Location

D

All of the above

E

A and B only

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q7

What is the primary economic activity of the islands in the Pacific?

A

Tourism

B

Mining

C

Fishing

D

Offshore banking

E

All of the above

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q8

Which country has jurisdiction over Antarctica?

A

The United States

B

Australia

C

England

D

Russia

E

None of the above; Antarctica is not under the jurisdiction of any one government.

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q9

Which of the following is the greatest environmental concern for both Antarctica and the islands of the South Pacific?

A

Global warming leading to sea level rise

B

Ozone depletion

C

Changes in weather

D

Nuclear testing

E

None of the above; there are no environmental concerns.

The Pacific and Antarctica Geography Q6

Which of the following island groups of Melanesia is under the rule of the French government?

A

Vanuatu

B

New Caledonia

C

The Solomon Islands

D

Fiji

E

Papua New Guinea

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