Environmental and Emerging Biotechnology
Environmental and Emerging Biotechnology

Environmental and Emerging Biotechnology

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

Explore environmental biotechnology including renewable energy in this question pack, as well as newly emerging biotechnologies, and forensic biotechnology.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Emerging Biotechnology 1

Biomaterials interact with biological systems, for example, with stem cells. The characteristics of the biomaterial influence _______, thus biomaterials are in the center of new tissue engineering applications.

A

C ell differentiation

B

Meiosis

C

The locus of gene insertion

D

C odon preference

Emerging Biotechnology 2

_______ cells have the ability to differentiate into any cell type of the multicellular organism.

A

Somatic

B

Multipotent stem

C

Totipotent stem

D

Germ

Emerging Biotechnology 3

Edible vaccine is _______.

A

Just a fancy name for a multivitamin complex

B

An antigen engineered into a plant we eat

C

An attenuated oral vaccine, like the Sabin drops

D

An antibody engineered into the plant we eat

Emerging Biotechnology 4

Therapeutic cloning is progressing toward producing differentiated cells originated from patients. The primary aim is to use these “self” cells _______.

A

to build organs that are not rejected

B

for future applications

C

for donation

D

in cloning

Emerging Biotechnology 5

_______ have the potential to develop into any kind of cell, thus it has unlimited capacity to heal tissue damage.

A

Embryonic stem cells

B

Somatic stem cells

C

Adult stem cells

D

Multipotent stem cells

Emerging Biotechnology 6

_______ is the first organism with an entirely synthetic genome. Its cytoplasm is not synthetic.

A

Mycoplasma Laboratorium

B

Agrobacterium tumefaciens

C

Escherichia coli

D

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Forensic Biotechnology 2

STR alleles used in forensics are selected from _______.

A

Noncoding chromosomal regions

B

C oding chromosomal regions

C

One chromosome

D

Sex chromosomes

Forensic Biotechnology 3

The 13 STR alleles method used by forensics is the most highly regarded method in the crime lab due to the _______ the analysis.

A

Simplicity of

B

Instantaneous result of

C

Statistical strength linked to

D

Variety of available protocols for

Renewable Energy 2

Biohydrogen is produced by _______, and it is a potential biofuel.

A

Biochemical reactions

B

Microbes

C

Plants

D

Animals

Renewable Energy 3

_______ of microbes can be harnessed for hydrogen gas production.

A

Hydrogenases

B

Hydrogen ion pumps

C

Electron transport chain

D

ATP

Environmental Biotechnology 2

Brent Constanz at Stanford suggests that if we are to decrease carbon dioxide levels in the air, we should trap carbon dioxide _______, just like the Egyptian and Mayan pyramid builders did.

A

As carbonate-based concrete

B

As Roman-style

C

As concrete

D

Underground

Environmental Biotechnology 3

Controlled _______ utilizing bioconstructs are producing biogas from liquid silage.

A

Fermentation

B

Extraction

C

Bioaccumulation

D

Bioamplification

Environmental Biotechnology 4

Ex situ bioremediation is _______ and usually takes _______ time.

A

Simple; longer

B

Technologically challenging; shorter

C

Simple; shorter

D

Technologically challenging; longer

Environmental Biotechnology 5

Hydrocarbons can be degraded by _______.

A

Bacteria

B

Plants

C

Birds

D

Fishes

Environmental Biotechnology 6

In situ bioremediation is _______ and usually takes _______ time.

A

Simple; longer

B

Technologically challenging; shorter

C

Simple; shorter

D

Technologically challenging; longer

Environmental Biotechnology 7

Pollutants that cause biomagnification problems are not

A

Soluble in fat.

B

Hydrophilic.

C

Stable.

D

Biologically active.

Environmental Biotechnology 8

Some _______ species are hyperaccumulators of heavy metal elements and can be used to concentrate heavy metal contaminations in their tissues including, zinc, aluminum, cadmium, and radioactive uranium.

A

Bacteria

B

Plant

C

Bird

D

Fish

Environmental Biotechnology 9

The Clean Air Act sets National Ambient Air Quality Standards for _______ common air pollutants.

A

Four

B

Five

C

Six

D

Seven

Environmental Biotechnology 10

The _______ is a continuous bioreactor in which microbial cultures are in steady-state conditions.

A

Chemostat

B

Traditional liquid culture

C

Semisolid culture

D

Subculture

Environmental Biotechnology 11

_______ mining technologies are utilizing bacteria, sometimes extremophiles, and fungi to extract metals.

A

Bioleaching

B

Bioremediation

C

In situ

D

Biofilm

Environmental Biotechnology 12

Escherichia coli is a fast growing bacterium, which has been engineered to produce the antibiotic erythromycin, which is native to _______.

A

Saccharopolyspora erythraea

B

Saccharomyces cerevisiae

C

Streptomyces parvullus

D

Clostridium cellulolyticum

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