Anatomy in Neuropsychology
Anatomy in Neuropsychology

Anatomy in Neuropsychology

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

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This category centers on the anatomy related to the brain its cognitive processes.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 1

How many cranial bones protect the human brain?

A

Eight (8)

B

Fourteen (14)

C

Five (5)

D

Ten (10)

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 2

In anatomical directions, “towards the face” is called _______.

A

Rostral

B

Caudal

C

Medial

D

Lateral

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 3

Structures of the _______ provide control of skeletal muscles.

A

Somatic nervous system

B

Autonomic nervous system

C

Lingual nervous system

D

Posterior nervous system

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 4

The hindbrain includes which of the following structures?

A

Pons

B

Medulla oblongata

C

Cerebellum

D

It contains all of these

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 5

The midbrain forms a major part of the _______.

A

Brainstem

B

Cortex

C

Spinal cord

D

Cerebrum

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 6

The right visual field projects to the _______ hemisphere of the brain.

A

Left

B

Right

C

Central

D

Ventral

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 7

The _______ includes areas in the brain such as the thalamus, the cerebrum, and the hypothalamus.

A

Forebrain

B

Midbrain

C

Hindbrain

D

Sidebrain

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 8

The _______ is the primary structure connecting the two hemispheres of the brain.

A

Corpus callosum

B

Second ventricle

C

Anterior commissure

D

Basal ganglia

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 9

What is the difference between a fissure and a sulcus?

A

A sulcus is a small inward fold and a fissure is a deep groove.

B

A fissure is a small inward fold and a sulcus is a deep groove.

C

A fissure is a "bump" and a sulcus is a deep groove.

D

A sulcus is a small inward fold and a fissure is a small outward fold.

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 10

Which of the following planes reveals a structure from the front or back?

A

Coronal

B

Sagittal

C

Horizontal

D

Caudal

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 11

In which lobe of the cortex is the primary visual area?

A

Occipital

B

Parietal

C

Temporal

D

Frontal

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 12

The bundle of axons that runs from the retina to the primary visual cortex is called the _______

A

Optic nerve

B

Optic tract

C

Optic chiasm

D

Optic process

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 13

The ossicles are located in the:

A

middle ear

B

outer ear

C

inner ear

D

frontal ear

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 14

Many projections from the cerebral cortex terminate in the brain stem. The generic term for these is _______ projections.

A

corticobulbar

B

bulbulocortical

C

corticospherical

D

ascending spinal

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 15

Which of the following is part of the group of structures called the basal ganglia?

A

Caudate

B

Putamen

C

Globus pallidus

D

All of these are basal ganglia structures.

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 16

The frontal lobes include the motor, prefrontal, and _______ cortices.

A

Premotor

B

Sensorimotor

C

Audiomotor

D

Postmotor

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 17

The sub-areas of the _______ lobes are labeled V1 through V6.

A

Occipital

B

Frontal

C

Parietal

D

Temporal

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 18

We call the posterior zone of the parietal lobes the _______ cortex.

A

Posterior parietal

B

Somatosensory

C

Neo

D

“Little”

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 19

We call the _______ zone of the parietal lobes the somatosensory cortex.

A

Anterior

B

Posterior

C

Inferior

D

Superior

Anatomy in Neuropsychology 20

We know more about the _______lobes than any other region of the cortex.

A

Occipital

B

Frontal

C

Parietal

D

Temporal

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