Engineering Design
Engineering Design

Engineering Design

Lead Author(s): Saylor Academy

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on engineering project design.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Engineering Design Q46

Engineering drawings are important because they:

A

produce an artistic interpretation of a design for marketing.

B

convince customers that work is being done.

C

fully and clearly define requirements for engineered items.

D

help the brainstorming process by taking engineers away from calculations and thinking artistically.

Engineering Design Q45

What commonly makes the design process difficult?

A

An ill‑designed problem or purpose

B

Open‑ended design problems with a wide variety of potential solutions

C

An ill‑structured problem, which cannot be solved with simple algorithms

D

All of the above

Engineering Design Q44

What is engineering design?

A

The production of a drawing, which shows the function and workings of a thing or device to be built or made

B

A systematic process for things/devices whose form and function achieve stated objectives given certain constraints

C

The thought process of an engineer when formulating an idea to pursue

D

A loose set of rules meant to constrain the decision making process to guarantee a predetermined outcome

Engineering Design Q43

Which of the following is NOT a part of the design process?

A

Marketing the final product

B

Generating design concepts

C

Prototyping and simulating a design

D

Identifying the problem

Engineering Design Q42

Why is an analysis‑based design approach important?

A

It proves you have learned the material in previous engineering courses.

B

It allows you to demonstrate the validity of a design, both internally and to your customer.

C

It is time consuming and provides a billable expense to charge your customer.

D

It allows you to step back and reflect on various design ideas.

Engineering Design Q41

Designing for assembly is a process that includes all but which of the following?

A

Minimizing tolerances

B

Identifying part relevance

C

Identifying the assembly process steps

D

Estimating the cost of assembly

Engineering Design Q40

Materials design charts:

A

allow for final selection of materials.

B

show balances of material properties.

C

usually only show particular material subsets.

D

All of the above

Engineering Design Q39

Unidirectional assembly entails:

A

assembling a product by adding parts one by one from the same direction.

B

designing parts that have symmetry so orientation during assembly is less crucial.

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q38

What is poka‑yoke?

A

Designing for efficient joining and fastening by removing screws and bolts

B

Designing a product so that it can be assembled in multiple subassemblies

C

Creating products without sharp or fragile components that are risks to assemblers

D

Mistake‑proofing a product design and assembly

Engineering Design Q37

When considering materials selection:

A

manufacturing is a secondary concern compared to performance.

B

aesthetics are of little importance compared to mechanical properties.

C

the selection process doesn’t change whether designing for a system or a component.

D

the function of the product will heavily dictate potential choices.

Engineering Design Q36

Which of following is not an example of a process selection issue?

A

Wood cannot be processed by molding to shape.

B

Refractory metals cannot be processed by high pressure casting.

C

A steel casted part may be too heavy for a product design.

D

Machining of composites can detrimentally harm anisotropic properties.

Engineering Design Q35

Which of the following is most true when choosing the material and processing method?

A

There is normally a perfect material for every design, although it may take a great deal of research to find.

B

The selection procedure should not start until a preliminary design has been finalized.

C

Priorities will need to be ranked and trade‑offs will have to be made.

D

Constraints should come from cost alone.

Engineering Design Q34

Which of the following is not a valid factor in processing selection?

A

The capability of a given material to be shaped to a geometry

B

The ability of two materials to be joined at given geometries

C

The environmental resistance of a chosen material

D

The necessity and capability of surface treating of materials

Engineering Design Q33

Which of the following is not good advice when designing for assembly?

A

Reduce the number of parts to as minimal a number as possible to achieve the design.

B

Try to use flexible parts and interconnectors to make tolerancing easier.

C

Use common, standardized parts whenever possible.

D

Design for parts orientation and handling.

Engineering Design Q32

Which of the following is the least likely source to yield information for final materials selection?

A

Manufacturer’s literature

B

Textbooks

C

Databooks

D

Internet sites

Engineering Design Q31

A prototype is best defined as:

A

a physical representation of a completed final design.

B

anything that approximates any aspects of your final product or design.

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q30

An engineering test requires all but which of the following?

A

A model of the device to be tested

B

A testing facility or testing space

C

Instrumentation suitable for reasonably measuring variables and outcomes

D

A full prototype to test

Engineering Design Q29

At a minimum, a device should be tested across a range that represents:

A

the expected median and extremes of the operating conditions.

B

the expected median and extremes as determined by the factor of safety applied to the operating conditions.

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q28

Concept generation is all of the following, except:

A

a defined process.

B

a predictable process.

C

a process capable of being taught and learned.

D

a simple, inexpensive process.

Engineering Design Q27

Design metrics should:

A

only be expressed as objective points with unit‑based numerical ranges

B

include both practical and impractical considerations

C

incorporate only the most important design criteria

D

be derived from customer needs

Engineering Design Q26

Design requirements in product design specifications must:

A

reflect the customer’s needs.

B

differentiate the product for the competition.

C

be technically and economically feasible.

D

All of the above

Engineering Design Q25

During design optimization, we describe the different designs through which of the following?

A

Objective functions

B

Design variables

C

Constraints and design requirements

D

Computations

Engineering Design Q24

Evaluation methods include all of the following except:

A

metric derivation.

B

a review of the drawings and simulations.

C

physical inspections of a prototype.

D

operational tests of a physical prototype

Engineering Design Q23

Genetic algorithms, simulated annealing, and tabu searches are all examples of what?

A

Gradient‑based optimization methods

B

Heuristic optimization methods

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q22

In the brainstorm process, team members should not:

A

have a designated facilitator.

B

allow interruptions.

C

agree on a final stop time.

D

stop at increments to evaluate the ideas.

Engineering Design Q21

Quality assurance testing is best defined as a method that:

A

validates that a design will perform adequately with the least desirable material or subassemblies designated.

B

demonstrates the validity of a design to solving the required needs.

C

investigates the performance of a design over time or repeated operation.

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q20

Target values for the metrics as defines the product design specifications should be derived from all but which of the following?

A

Benchmarked competition

B

Expected competitor’s future capabilities

C

The target market segment

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q19

The concept screening process should entail which of the following?

A

Developing a selection matrix

B

Rating and ranking the concepts

C

Selecting a concept for further refinement

D

All of the above

Engineering Design Q18

What is engineering design?

A

The creative and iterative method of conceiving and developing components, systems, and processes

B

The integration of engineering, basic, and mathematical sciences to achieve work under constraint

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q17

What should be done with collected customer needs after a research period?

A

Hold until later design stages for comparison to the initial prototype

B

Organize into a hierarchy based on difficulty to incorporate, so that the most challenging tasks can be ignored

C

Organize into a hierarchy alphabetically, so as not to impart bias on importance

D

Organize into a hierarchy with a numerical ranking system related to importance

Engineering Design Q16

When deciding upon a concept during the selection process, which of the following is most important?

A

Making sure an experienced designer controls the decision‑making process

B

Not forgetting the customer’s expectations and needs

C

Making sure the manager has the final say in the decision‑making process

D

Ignoring cost

Engineering Design Q15

When developing the Statement of Work, which of the following should not be included?

A

A description of what will and won’t be done to accomplish the design

B

A time frame of the work and tasks to be accomplished

C

A complete list of metrics the team will undertake to incorporate into the design

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q14

Which is the following is not a valid factor to consider when determining whether to prototype or simulate?

A

The role a full‑scale prototype plays within the acceptance of a design

B

The cost of developing a prototype

C

The time it will take to develop a prototype

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q13

Which of the following are not steps taken in the engineering design process?

A

Developing a marketing model for selling a product

B

Conducting research

C

Defining a problem

D

Analyzing possible solutions

Engineering Design Q12

Which of the following best defines a situation when engineering models should be used?

A

To help select a design concept by determining its basic facility

B

To optimize an already selected and developed design concept

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q11

Which of the following is an accurate description about a Statement of Work?

A

It should not include figures or diagrams.

B

It should be descriptive and complete in breadth.

C

It should include definitions for all technical terms.

D

All of the above

Engineering Design Q10

Which of the following is most true about engineering estimates?

A

They are often more useful than exact answers.

B

They are useful through every aspect of the design stage except concept generation and selection.

C

They should be used minimally throughout a design project because they lack an absolute solution.

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q9

Which of the following is not a benefit of prototyping?

A

It helps the design team learn of the detrimental effects of the design decisions.

B

It reduces the need to estimate and model concepts during the design project.

C

It provides milestones to help explore whether the project is on schedule.

D

It helps communicate design ideas with team members, managers, customers, and so forth.

Engineering Design Q8

Which of the following is not a true statement about the concept selection process?

A

You should look for new concepts during the process.

B

The results of the process are all that should be documented.

C

You will most likely not have enough information to make a completely informed decision.

D

None of the above.

Engineering Design Q7

Which of the following is not a true statement about estimations and modeling?

A

The two approaches are closely related.

B

Estimations should not be used when modeling and exploring the validity of results.

C

The accuracy and fidelity of necessary results will determine whether to estimate or model.

D

Engineering modeling can be used in the estimation process.

Engineering Design Q6

Which of the following is not a valid class or type of prototype?

A

Experimental development work

B

Final part design and assembly determination

C

Pilot production/limited capacity scaling

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q5

Which of the following is not an example of a potential hindrance to the brainstorming process?

A

Judging ideas generated

B

Performing an insufficient external search

C

Creating too many ideas

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q4

Which of the following is not included in the background section of a Statement of Work?

A

A description of the problem and context

B

A description of why the problem exists

C

A description of how the end result will be used

D

A description of the defined needs of the customers as researched

Engineering Design Q3

Which of the following needs to be defined or given in order to perform a size optimization of a structure?

A

Shape

B

Topology

C

Both A and B

D

None of the above

Engineering Design Q2

Which of the following would not be considered an effective way of learning customer needs?

A

Interviews with customers directly

B

Engineering comprehension and intuition

C

On‑site observations

D

Surveys and focus groups

Engineering Design Q1

Which of the following would not be considered good advice for brainstorming?

A

Accept all ideas without providing feedback.

B

Generate a large number of ideas.

C

Do not worry about the feasibility of the ideas.

D

Do not build on other ideas; only present new ones.

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