What Is an Information System? - Study Guide
What Is an Information System? - Study Guide

What Is an Information System? - Study Guide

Source: Pressbooks

Student Price: Free with Top Hat Pro Subscription

An introductory study guide on business information systems.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

What Is an Information System? - Study Guide

​Learning Objectives

  • ​Define what an information system is by identifying its major components
  • Describe the basic history of information systems

What are the five components that make up an information system?


What are three examples of information system hardware?


Microsoft Windows is an example of which component of information systems?


What is application software?


What roles do people play in information systems?


What is the definition of a process?


What was invented first, the personal computer or the Internet (ARPANET)?


In what year were restrictions on commercial use of the Internet first lifted? When were eBay and Amazon founded?


What does it mean to say we are in a “post-PC world”?


What is Carr’s main argument about information technology?


Suppose that you had to explain to a member of your family or one of your closest friends the concept of an information system. How would you define it? Write a one-paragraph description in your own words that you feel would best describe an information system to your friends or family.


Of the five primary components of an information system (hardware, software, data, people, process), which do you think is the most important to the success of a business organization? Write a one-paragraph answer to this question that includes an example from your personal experience to support your answer.


We all interact with various information systems every day: at the grocery store, at work, at school, even in our cars (at least some of us). Make a list of the different information systems you interact with every day. See if you can identify the technologies, people, and processes involved in making these systems work.


Do you agree that we are in a post-PC stage in the evolution of information systems? Some people argue that we will always need the personal computer, but that it will not be the primary device used for manipulating information. Others think that a whole new era of mobile and biological computing is coming. Do some original research and make your prediction about what business computing will look like in the next generation.

​Information Systems for Business and Beyond © 2014 David T. Bourgeois, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license made possible by funding from The Saylor Foundation’s Open Textbook Challenge.

​​Creative Commons License