Public Administration Budgeting
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A question pack on public administration from Saylor Academy.
This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Which of the following focuses on issues in the workplace related to discrimination based on gender?
Equal employment opportunity
Americans with disabilities
Complete the following sentence. Experts define the expectancy theory of motivation in terms of:
experiences that satisfy and dissatisfy people in the work place.
the need for achievement, power, and affiliation.
the relationships among effort, performance, and eventual outcomes.
the need for managers to constantly watch over their employees to motivate them.
Complete the following sentence. Research shows that public and private managers have very few differences in overall measures of motivation. However, for some people, government employment appeals to their desire to:
earn lots of money.
serve the public interest.
be elected to public office.
influence market outcomes.
Complete the following sentence. The theory of inequity is defined as a situation in which a person thinks that he or she is receiving less than he or she is giving, or vice versa. According to the theory, there are several ways to restore equity, including:
creating a timeline between projects.
altering the person’s inputs.
embracing a results-driven outcome.
Humans are driven to achieve their maximum potential and will always do so unless obstacles are placed in their way, according to which theory?
New public management claims to address such issues as low public confidence in bureaucracy, waste, poor program design, and performance deficit. Which of the following would be an example of new public management reforms in action?
Redevelopment of former military bases to create residential and commercial mixed-use communities
A local tax-payer funded program that provides a $500 monthly housing voucher for teachers, police, and firefighters to help them live in the city
Investing in capital improvements to maintain roads, bridges, sewers, etc.
Tax credits to encourage a big-box store to relocate to the local area
The characteristics of the traditional model of public administration include which of the following?
An apolitical civil service
Hierarchy and rules
Permanence and stability
All of these answers
Theorists argue that our behavior is a product of capability, opportunity, and motivation. In this equation, what role does motivation play?
Motivation engages two opposing forces.
Motivation determines what we actually do.
Motivation communicates our intents.
Motivation provides situational feedback.
Theory Y asserts that people have a natural desire to learn and working allows people to challenge themselves and further develop as human beings. According to this theory, managers should do which of the following?
Reward individual performance with perks.
Work to integrate the company’s needs with its employees’ love of learning.
Encourage a team approach to carrying out assignments.
Constantly watch over their employees to motivate them.
Which of the following is a main concern regarding the traditional model of public administration?
Which of the following is the most salient feature of new public management?
Flexible working conditions and the promotion of contractual opportunities
A centralized command structure and task specialization
Aligning public sector activities to private sector market conditions
Public agencies publicizing their activities and its performance results on a regular basis
Which of the following public administration theories is most frequently associated with the work of Herbert Simon, Nobel Prize Laureate in Economics?
The development of managerial talent and managerial teamwork in organizations
Theory X and theory Y
You are a unit manager with 10 direct-report subordinates. Your experience with one particular employee has served to strengthen your belief in theory X. Which of the following best describes this employee?
The employee always arrives to work on time, but never works overtime and has a record of frequent Monday and/or Friday absences.
The employee performs his job and regularly scores acceptable ratings on his annual performance reviews but can never be counted on to go above and beyond.
The employee never volunteers for a project but always meets the deadline on any assigned project.
The employee shows up and enthusiastically works on her PC all day but has been caught more than once working on her social network sites.
You are part of a team interviewing a prospective new employee for a position in your unit. In response to a question, the interviewee shares that he “really enjoys meeting new people and wants to make a difference in peoples’ lives.” You believe his greatest motivation will be which of the following?
The job title
Complete the following sentence. The Programming, Planning, and Budgeting System (PPBS) is a stronger model than performance-based budgeting if you are seeking:
greater operational control.
greater program accountability.
greater management control.
greater funding availability.
Federal tax revenue is derived from a variety of sources. Which of the following is NOT taxable by the federal government?
Individual and corporate revenue
Inheritance and estate revenue
Social security wages
Several arbitrators influence how public finances are ultimately dispersed. The public has designated ______________to determine how public money should be spent.
Over the years, there have been many attempts to reform the federal budget. Which of the following reflects the most recent effort in this regard?
New performance budgeting
A balanced budget amendment
Supply side economics
A planning-programming-budgeting system
State governments traditionally raise funds from many sources. Which of the following revenue sources is outside the scope of the state government’s operations?
The core mission of the Office of Management and Budget is to serve the President of the United States in implementing his vision across the executive branch. Which of the following is incompatible with the Office of Management and Budget’s implementation and enforcement of presidential policy government wide?
The Office of Management and Budget reviews and approves all agency communications with Congress, including testimony and draft bills.
The Office of Management and Budget oversees agency performance and procurement.
The Office of Management and Budget controls the activities involved in filling key administrative positions.
The Office of Management and Budget issues executive orders and presidential memoranda to agency heads and other officials.
The national performance review conducted during the Clinton administration resulted in which of the following changes to the budget development process?
Civil service reform
A planning-programming-budgeting system
The timeline for a typical state budget includes at least seven stages, from an agency’s budget request to the day the budget year begins. Which of the following would be the most important step in this process?
Governor’s budget request
Governor signs or vetoes
There are at least four major classes of public expenditures included in the budget. Which of the following tends to be the largest class of public expenditures?
Public program expenditures
There are two general categories of spending in the US federal budget: discretionary and mandatory. Which of the following line items falls into the category of discretionary?
Home mortgage deduction
Which of the following premises does not support the argument that the federal budget is a political instrument?
The federal budget establishes the cost of programs.
The federal budget provides criteria for evaluation.
The federal budget dictates capital spending and operating activities.
The federal budget sets spending limitations.
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Course Designer: Heather Wyatt-Nichol