Meaning Making in Philosophy
Meaning Making in Philosophy

Meaning Making in Philosophy

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Questions on Bertrand Russell, argument and more.

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Bertrand Russell Q1

According to Bertrand Russell, which of the following is a major difference between philosophy and science?

A

Science has to do with mathematics, whereas philosophy does not.

B

Science focuses on knowledge that is already definite, while philosophy does not.

C

Science is about facts, while philosophy is about opinions.

D

Science is a relatively recent development, whereas philosophy is ancient.

E

Scientists make more money than philosophers.

John Corvino Q2

According to John Corvino, philosophy is useful in a wide range of contexts, because it teaches us to do which of the following?

A

Convince others of our point of view

B

Question the beliefs we take for granted

C

Write clear and persuasive papers

D

Pay attention to the world around us

E

Criticize everything we learn and experience

Bertrand Russell Q3

Bertrand Russell describes philosophy as which of the following?

A

Food for the mind

B

Wisdom of the heart

C

The science of ideas

D

A pastime for elites

E

A lot of nonsense

Philosophy paper Q4

Complete the following statement. When writing a philosophy paper, a strong thesis is:

A

a statement of procedure.

B

a hypothesis to be tested.

C

a position you will argue for.

D

the first sentence of the paper.

E

not a requirement.

Argument Q5

In the following argument, which statements are premises? If time travel is possible, we will have lots of time-traveling visitors from the future. However, we have no such visitors. Therefore, time travel is not possible.

A

If time travel is possible, we will have lots of time-traveling visitors from the future.

B

However, we have no such visitors.

C

Therefore, time travel is not possible.

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Philosophy Q6

Philosophy is useful for developing which of the following skills?

A

Analytical skills

B

Writing skills

C

Memorization skills

D

All of the above

E

A and B only

Nature Q7

The nature of meaning would be best categorized as a discussion in which of the following?

A

Metaphysics

B

Epistemology

C

Philosophy of Science

D

Philosophy of Religion

E

Philosophy of Language

Philosophy Q8

The philosophy of science is primarily concerned with which of the following?

A

The philosophical views of scientists

B

Philosophical questions about science

C

Scientific proofs for philosophical positions

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Dao Q9

The term “Dao” refers to which of the following?

A

The ultimate nature of reality

B

The path that human beings should adhere to

C

The innate ideas human beings possess

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Bertrand Russell Q10

When Bertrand Russell says that philosophy aims at the enlargement of the “not-self,” what does he mean?

A

Philosophy tries to make people more generous.

B

Philosophy tries to understand the world as it is, not as we make it.

C

Philosophy is about denying one’s personal interests.

D

Philosophy tries to prove that the self is an illusion.

E

Philosophy takes no interest in the self.

Daoist Philosophers Q11

Which of the following are Daoist philosophers?

A

Lao Tzu

B

Zhuangzi

C

Confucius

D

A and B

E

A, B, and C

Comprises Q12

Which of the following comprises the subject matter of metaphysics?

A

The best way to live one’s life and the difference between right and wrong

B

The nature of existence and reality

C

The nature of and conditions for knowledge

D

The nature of God and the soul

E

The nature of justice and the best way to organize the state

Bertrand Russell Q13

Which of the following does Bertrand Russell mention as a reason that philosophy is valuable?

A

It removes dogmatism.

B

It removes skepticism.

C

It produces new knowledge.

D

It produces new technologies.

E

It produces revenue.

Philosophical Q14

Which of the following is a characteristic of good philosophical writing?

A

Presenting ideas clearly

B

Discussing counter-arguments

C

Stating of a thesis

D

Using examples

E

All of the above

Arguments Q15

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of arguments in philosophy?

A

Premises

B

Conclusions

C

Inference

D

Hostility

E

Reasoning

Argument Q16

Which of the following is NOT an argument?

A

All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore, Socrates is mortal.

B

Men are like dogs. Dogs are motivated by food. Therefore, men are motivated by food.

C

The president should be impeached.

D

God is not a deceiver. Therefore, I am not wrong about most of my beliefs, since, if I were, God would be a deceiver.

E

Only children cry. You are not a child, and therefore you should toughen up.

Argument Q17

Which of the following is NOT an argument?

A

I was sick on Thursday. I had a cold. Therefore, I could not come to work.

B

Cats are docile animals. Docile animals do not bite. Therefore, cats do not bite.

C

Policemen wear helmets. Hence, John is not a policeman because he does not wear a helmet.

D

Actions are either right or wrong. Theft is an action. Therefore, theft is either right or wrong.

E

Miriam was at the grocery store at two o’clock. Thus, she could not be the murderer, because the murderer was in the bell tower at two o’clock.

Philosophical Papers Q18

Which of the following is typically NOT important when writing philosophical papers?

A

Originality

B

Clarity

C

Examples

D

Counter-arguments

E

Statistics

Student Q19

Which of the following questions would a student of aesthetics ask?

A

Does God really exist?

B

How do I know that my beliefs are true?

C

Which actions are right, and which ones a wrong?

D

Is this random splash of paint art, or is it just paint?

E

What is the best way to organize a state?

Philosophy Q20

Which of the following questions would a student of political philosophy ask?

A

What is the best way to organize a state?

B

What are the hallmarks of good political leadership?

C

Why do human beings form political societies?

D

What are the rights and duties of citizens?

E

All of the above

Bertrand Russell Q21

Why is philosophy important, according to Bertrand Russell?

A

Because it helps us achieve an accurate understanding of the world

B

Because it helps us to challenge beliefs we take for granted

C

Because it helps us develop new products and technologies

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

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