Knowledge and Metaphysics in Philosophy
Knowledge and Metaphysics in Philosophy

Knowledge and Metaphysics in Philosophy

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Question on Kant, Plato and doctrine.

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Kant Q22

According to Kant, metaphysical knowledge is only possible if it is characterized as which of the following?

A

Analytic

B

Synthetic

C

A priori

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Kant Q23

According to Kant, which of the following would fall outside the boundaries of possible knowledge?

A

The existence of God

B

The nature of things “in themselves”

C

The nature of cause and effect

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Locke Q24

According to Locke, when human beings are born, the mind contains which of the following?

A

An idea of the self

B

An idea of God

C

An idea of substance

D

An idea of power

E

Nothing

Descartes Q25

Complete the following statement.

According to Descartes, “I think, therefore I exist” is:

A

an innate idea.

B

an empirical idea.

C

a mistaken idea.

D

an egotistical idea.

E

a false idea.

Plato Q26

Complete the following statement.

According to Plato, all of the following are true of forms EXCEPT:

A

forms are accessible only to the intellect.

B

forms are nearly impossible to detect.

C

forms are real.

D

forms are what philosophers know the most about.

E

forms are eternal and unchanging.

Plato Q27

Complete the following statement.

According to Plato, forms are universal, whereas objects of sensation are:

A

unique.

B

particular.

C

multiple.

D

absolute.

E

illusory.

Kant’s Philosophy Q28

Complete the following statement.

Daoism is similar to Kant’s philosophy, because it holds that:

A

reality is ultimately unknowable by human beings.

B

the world is constantly changing.

C

knowledge is dependent on context and perspective.

D

there can be no knowledge without experience.

E

there can be no experience without knowledge.

Plato’s Analogy Q29

Complete the following statement.

In Plato’s analogy of the divided line, the sensible world is related to the intelligible world as:

A

a fire is to a flame.

B

a prisoner is to a free man.

C

the sun is to the Earth.

D

images are to material things.

E

images are to forms.

Plato Q30

In Plato’s “Metaphysics,” which of the following is true of material things?

A

They are less real than the forms.

B

They are more real than images.

C

They are more real than the forms.

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Kant Q31

Kant argued that

A

rationalism and empiricism are not mutually exclusive.

B

knowledge has limits.

C

knowledge and experience are mutually interdependent.

D

A and B

E

A, B, and C

Dao De Jing Q32

The Dao De Jing says: “The partial becomes complete; the crooked, straight; the empty, full; the worn out, new.” Which of the following captures the metaphysical view being put forward here?

A

The world is very confusing, but the Dao helps us explain it.

B

What we say about reality depends on the perspective we adopt.

C

The ultimate nature of realty is paradoxical.

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Doctrine Q33

The doctrine that all of our knowledge is the product of what we have deduced from primary beliefs is called which of the following?

A

Utilitarianism

B

Consequentialism

C

Rationalism

D

Empiricism

E

Imperialism

Kant Q34

What would Kant likely say about Plato’s theory of the forms?

A

The forms do not exist.

B

The forms exist.

C

It is impossible to know whether the forms exist.

D

The forms exist only in the mind.

E

The forms exist but they cannot be known.

Epistemology Q35

Which of the following comprises the subject matter of epistemology?

A

The best way to live one’s life and the difference between right and wrong

B

The nature of existence and reality

C

The nature of and conditions for knowledge

D

The nature of God and the soul

E

The nature of justice and the best way to organize the state

Synthetic Q36

Which of the following is a synthetic claim?

A

The atomic weight of gold is 196.96 amu.

B

Gold is a yellow metal.

C

Pain is uncomfortable

D

All bachelors are unmarried.

E

The ocean is full of water.

Descartes Q37

Which of the following reasons does Descartes give for doubting his beliefs?

A

That he might be deceived by an evil demon

B

That he might be dreaming

C

That he might have been drugged

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Socrates Q38

Who was Socrates?

A

A fictional character invented by Plato

B

The character who speaks with Plato in The Republic

C

Plato’s teacher

D

Both A and B

E

Both B and C

Descartes Q39

Why does Descartes think it is necessary to call into doubt everything he has previously believed?

A

Many of his beliefs have come from the senses, and the senses are frequently misleading.

B

If he starts with absolutely secure beliefs, everything he builds on it will be certain as well.

C

He wants to find things out for himself rather than follow tradition.

D

He wants to lay the groundwork for the growing body of scientific knowledge.

E

All of the above

Zhuangzi’s Q40

Zhuangzi’s parable about dreaming that he is a butterfly is intended to illustrate that reality is not fixed and eternal, rather reality changes depending on the perspective we adopt. This view is most strongly opposed to the view developed in which of the following?

A

Locke’s analogy of the empty cabinet.

B

Pascal’s wager

C

Descartes’ wax example

D

Plato’s allegory of the cave

E

Nietzsche’s parable of the madman

Aristotle Q41

According to Aristotle, how can you tell if a characteristic is virtuous or not?

A

If it makes you happy

B

If it contributes to the good life

C

If it is an intermediary between excess and defect

D

If it accords with ritual

E

If it accords with human nature

Kant’s Q42

According to Kant’s categorical imperative, an action is right so long as which of the following holds true?

A

One can wish that acting that way would become a universal law.

B

One treats other human beings as ends in themselves.

C

One can anticipate that the action will result in more happiness than unhappiness.

D

A and B only

E

B and C only

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