Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology
Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology

Source: Saylor

Student Price: FREE

A question pack primarily focused on context and culture from a literary perspective but is also applicable from a philosophical perspective.

This content is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q1

How does Virginia Woolf's essay "A Room of One's Own" contribute to feminist theory?

A

It suggests that the suppression of women is part of a historical climate that will naturally fade away.

B

It suggests that gender roles are conditioned by the possession of money and power.

C

It suggests that gender has power over class.

D

It suggests that education, rather than money, is needed for the liberation of women.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q2

In general, what is Judith Butler's concept of gender?

A

Women's gender is artificial, while men's gender is not.

B

While gender is not real, the stereotypes that accompany it are true.

C

Gender is a problematic, but essentially true, category.

D

Gender is largely a cultural construct.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q3

In her essay "The Laugh of the Medusa," what does Hélène Cixous suggest for women?

A

Women should write for and about themselves in order to counter phallocentric texts.

B

Women should write, but they should do so only within the existent male canon.

C

Women should primarily dedicate themselves to studying women's literature from the past.

D

Women should be unconcerned with the struggle for identity.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q4

In what way does Julia Kristeva build on Jacques Lacan's theory of psychosexual development?

A

Kristeva wholly rejects Lacan's theory of psychosexual development.

B

Kristeva centralizes the maternal and the feminine in her revisions of Lacan's theory.

C

Kristeva argues that the mirror stage does not occur until the individual embraces a distinct gender role.

D

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q5

What does Elaine Showalter argue about gender in terms of representations of the character of Ophelia in William Shakespeare's Hamlet?

A

Ophelia's madness represents the social oppression of women.

B

It is nearly impossible to represent women as anything other than mad in patriarchal discourses.

C

Feminist critics need to re-appropriate Ophelia for their own purposes.

D

Women's tragedies tend to be subordinated to those of men.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q6

What does gynocriticism recommend as an approach to literature?

A

Examining only female-authored literature more critically

B

Considering women's literature outside of its historical context

C

Studying women's literature for its linguistic qualities only

D

Becoming more familiar with the history of women and women's writing

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q7

What does Judith Butler mean when she suggests that gender is "performed"?

A

Gender does not reflect an essential truth, but rather is a role people play based on their internalization of socially constructed gender roles.

B

Gender roles do not exist.

C

Real gender roles are scripted by excellent writers.

D

Only individuals who have the capacity to perform have gender.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q8

What is the purpose of feminist theory?

A

To advocate for women's rights

B

To create literary subjects with which female readers can identify

C

To critique phallocentric assumptions about literature

D

To counter stereotypes about women

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q9

Which of the following ideas relates to J.L. Austin's performativity theory?

A

Performance is the ultimate objective of all human beings.

B

Language is used to indicate action as well as thought.

C

Individuals perform gender actively.

D

Individuals develop consciousness through speech.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q10

Which of the following is a theme of Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick's book Epistemology of the Closet?

A

Understanding sexuality is crucial to understanding culture.

B

Understanding homosexuality has little effect on understanding culture.

C

Literary study is unaffected by a lack of interest in sexuality.

D

Understanding homosexual themes in novels has become too routine.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q11

Which of the following offers the best definition of écriture féminine?

A

How women really feel about male writers

B

The inscription of womanhood and femininity in texts

C

Second-wave feminism

D

Psychological studies of women

E

Literary works that feature women

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q12

With which feminist theorist is gynocriticism most closely associated?

A

Elaine Showalter

B

Julia Kristeva

C

Lucy Irigaray

D

Hélène Cixous

E

Louise M. Rosenblatt

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q13

Which of the following writers might be considered one of the early founders of first-wave feminism?

A

Hélène Cixous

B

Judith Butler

C

Lucy Irigaray

D

Mary Wollstonecraft

E

Julia Kristeva

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q14

In Fredric Jameson's book The Political Unconscious, what does Jameson suggest about literature?

A

History comprises the essential framework for the performance of literary analysis

B

Politics and the economy are the most important factors in literary analysis

C

Biography is essential to literary analysis

D

Psychoanalysis is critical to literary analysis

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q15

The Frankfurt School of literary theory was most greatly influenced by which of the following schools of thought?

A

Formalism

B

Structuralism

C

Poststructuralism

D

Marxism

E

Postcolonialism

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q16

To what idea does the term heteroglossia refer?

A

An infant's inability to speak prior to the mirror stage

B

The referential relationships among symbols, signifiers, and signs

C

The multi-layered nature of language in a literary work

D

The formulaic shift between economic and political themes

E

All of the above answers are correct

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q17

What is dialectical materialism?

A

A form of literary criticism that is based on historical context

B

A form of literary criticism that does not incorporate economic concerns

C

A form of literary criticism based on linguistic analysis

D

A term related to gender theory that argues that men are dominant in society by virtue of their economic privilege

E

A form of literary criticism that is based on a reader's response

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q18

What is dialogism?

A

A term developed by Mikhail Bakhtin

B

A term used to describe how texts include a variety of styles

C

A term used to explain the use of multiple points of view in literature

D

A term that explains resistance to a monolithic text

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q19

What is false consciousness?

A

A term for the false neuroses expressed in dreams

B

A feminist term for the state that occurs when texts written by women are not considered in the study of literature

C

Another term for the unconscious

D

A term related to the period of psychosexual development that occurs before an infant reaches the mirror stage

E

An ideology that involves dominating the consciousness of exploited classes

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q20

What is generally considered to be Theodor W. Adorno's primary concern as a theorist?

A

The effect of literature in enlightening the human mind

B

The effect of modern society on human suffering

C

The effect of the economy on women's concerns

D

The effect of the unconscious mind on the conscious self

E

All of the above answers are correct.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q21

Which of the following statements best explains Mikhail Bakhtin's philosophy of language?

A

Language includes multiple social dialects and jargons.

B

Language can include socio-ideological contradictions from the past.

C

Language exhibits and is bound up in the social lives and historical context of the people who speak it.

D

Language is loaded with the intentions of others.

E

Language is shaped by the context of a socially-charged life.

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q22

With which theorist is the term identity thinking most closely associated?

A

Sigmund Freud

B

Carl Jung

C

William James

D

Theodor W. Adorno

E

Edward Said

Gender Theory, Marxism and Ideology Q23

How do Marxist theorists react to ideology?

A

They accept ideology as an essential, although sometimes problematic, part of society.

B

They subject all ideologies to critique in order to expose biased interests.

C

They reject the idea that ideology has real effects on social progress.

D

They promote ideology because it helps to create a dominant social order.

E

All of the above answers are correct.

CC BY 3.0 - Saylor - James R. Fleming

Content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License .

Saylor Academy and Saylor.org® are trade names of the Constitution Foundation, a 501(c)(3) organization through which our educational activities are conducted.

Course Designer: James R. Fleming