Bonjour a Tous
Bonjour a Tous

Bonjour a Tous

Lead Author(s): Olivier Le Blond, VALERIE HASTINGS

Student Price: Contact us to learn more

This textbook covers Elementary French I.


  CHAPITRE 1 - Bonjour! Ça va ?

Image courtesy of Wikimedia under CC BY-SA 2.0​

1. On parle français dans quels pays (country)?

1. On parle français dans quels pays (country)?

Culture (Read in french but answer in English or French)


2. Pourquoi le français est-il important?

2. Pourquoi le français est-il important?

Culture (Read in french but answer in English or French)


3. Quelles organisations utilisent le Français comme langue officielle?

3. Quelles organisations utilisent le Français comme langue officielle?

Culture (Read in french but answer in English or French)


TABLE OF CONTENTS:

1. Bonjour! Je me présente…

A. La bise :

It is not unusual for French people to kiss when they are greeting each other. This is called “la bise”. Some people kiss twice other three or four times, it varies depending on the region. Woman and men can kiss if they know each other otherwise they will shake hands.

WATCH THIS VIDEO:


Image courtesy of Wikimedia under CC BY-SA 4.0​

B- Formel / informel: Watch the following photos and read the dialogue underneath (you can listen as well):

Image courtesy of flickr under CC BY 2.0




INFORMEL

- Salut ! ça va?
- Bien et toi ?
- Pas mal.


Image courtesy of flickr under CC BY 2.0




FORMEL

- Bonjour Monsieur,
- Enchanté  Monsieur,
- Comment allez-vous ?
- Très bien, et vous ?
- Très bien, merci.



Image provided by author

Observez:

There is always a formal or an informal way to address someone in Francophone countries, observe the dialogues you just read and answer the following questions:

Question 1b(i)

What is the formal way of saying “you”? and the informal?


Question 1b(ii)

To say “hello” what is more formal? And informal?


Question 1b(iii)
question description

How do you express?


Question 1b(iv)
question description

And this feeling ?


Question 1b(v)
question description

And this feeling ?


C- What is you name? Comment t’appelles-tu? Comment vous-appelez-vous?

Let’s add one question to our previous dialogues to find out what the name of your classmates are. Choose to be formal or not and go around the class to greet everyone following those models (change the parts in the dialogue that are in light ink and/or fill the blanks depending of your own situation):

INFORMEL                 FORMEL

- Salut ! Comment t’appelles-tu?         - Bonjour Monsieur/Madame  Comment vous appelez-vous?
- Je m’appelle
…. et toi ?                            - Je m’appelle ….  et vous ?
- Je m’appelle
….                                          - Je m’appelle ….
- Enchanté, ça va?      
                                    - Enchanté Monsieur, Comment allez-vous ?
-
Bien et toi ?                                                    - Très bien,  et vous ?          
-
Pas mal.                                                            - Très bien, merci.
-
A bientôt.                    - Au revoir.     
- A demain                -A  bientôt.  






Comment s’appelle-t-elle ?



Mini video:
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Comment s'appelle-t-elle?

A

Elsa

B

Leticia


D. Rencontres:

Rencontres:

Watch the following video and circle the expressions you recognize the first time you watch it

E. Parlons ! 

Using the vocabulary bank from the table below, work with one of your classmates creating two dialogues, one formal and one more informal. Feel free to include expressions that are not on the list that you may know from somewhere else.

Screen Shot 2018-06-25 at 10.59.37 AM.png
Image courtesy of



Wikimedia under CC BY 2.0​





Image courtesy of the public domain



CONVERSATION 1

CONVERSATION 2









F. Ecoutons ! 

Listen to a series of statements and select or click on the appropriate response to each one.

Question F(i)

Listen and choose the right answer

A

Enchanté

B

De rien

C

Bonjour

Question F(ii)

Listen and choose the right answer

A

Bonne nuit

B

au revoir

C

bien et toi ?

Question F(iii)

Listen and choose the right answer

A

Je m’appelle ...

B

Merci

C

A bientôt

Question F(iv)

Listen and choose the right answer

A

Bonne nuit

B

Bonsoir

C

très bien


2. L’alphabet

A. Prononciation:

First and foremost, there NO right or wrong accent or way of saying something in French! Don’t be shy, many accents coexist in the francophone world and what matters is to be understood. In France, there are many different accents, for instance, there is a very noticeable difference between the south and the north of France. A famous French comedy was even made based on that difference: “Les ch’tis” (find the (“bande annonce”) preview online and try to listen to their accent).

One may argue that vowels are the key to French pronunciation since the consonants (maybe to the exception of the “R”) are pronounced in a similar way than in English.

Screen Shot 2018-06-25 at 11.16.30 AM.png

The entire French alphabet:


B. Ecrivez! 

Question 2b

Use the word bank at the end of your chapter, and play hangman in pairs.


Pratiquons plus: Ecrivez! Write the words you hear:

Question 2b(i) Write the word or name you hear

1-

Question 2b (ii) Write the word or name you hear

2-

Question 2b (iii) Write the word or name you hear

3-

Question 2b (iv) Write the word or name you hear

4-

Question 2b (v) Write the word or name you hear

5-


C. Parlons. 

In pairs, ask each other how to spell your name and last name. Your partner will write down the letters you spell.

Check http://www.meilleursprenoms.com to see if your name is popular in France.

Typically a first name is not something you want to translate, for instance many want to say "Jean" when their name is "John" but a first name should not be translated and there is not always an equivalent. You may have a french popular name (check the website) but if not, all you can do, if your name is unfamiliar to the person you are talking to, (for instance at the border) is to try to spell your name with the french alphabet. 

Comment écris-tu ton prénom ? / ton nom?

Question 2c(i)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Le prénom de mon camarade s’épelle ______________


Question 2c(ii)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Le nom de mon camarade s’épelle ______________


3- Le verbe ETRE

A. Personnes fameuses.

Read the following descriptions of two famous Francophone personalities and guess who they are.

Image courtesy of



Wikimedia under CC BY 2.0


Question 3a(i)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Je suis une chanteuse et ma famille est canadienne. Je suis populaire grande et très sérieuse. Je chante dans des shows américains. Je m’appelle ______________.


Image courtesy of the public domain.​


Question 3a(ii)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Je suis un homme historique et je suis français. Je suis sérieux et petit. Je suis le chef en France en 1812. Je m’appelle ______________.


B. le verbe ETRE and personal pronouns. 

Given what you saw in the paragraphs about two famous people and the note below, try to complete these questions.

Image provided by author


Question 3b(i)

Sujet: ______________ Verbe: suis


Question 3b(ii)

Sujet: ______________ Verbe: es


Question 3b(iii)

Sujet: ______________ Verbe: est


Question 3b(iv)

Sujet: ______________ Verbe: sommes


Question 3b(v)

Sujet ______________ Verbe: êtes


Question 3b(vi)

Sujet: ______________ Verbe: sont


C- NOTE GRAMMATICALE - ETRE. 

When introducing yourself, you might want to use the verb TO BE:

When saying “vous êtes” you should link the two words (that is called “une liaison”) the “s” ending “vous” sounds like a “z” and connects “vous” and “êtes” in spoken French.

Image courtesy of



Wikimedia under CC0 Creative Commons​


Image courtesy of



Wikimedia under CC



BY 3.0​

You can use “être” to introduce yourself “je suis Robert” or to say what you do “je suis étudiant” or what others do “mes parents sont ingénieurs”, but also your citizenship “je suis français” and to describe yourself in general.

D. Les pronoms sujets. 

Choose the correct subject pronoun given the context.

Question 3d(i)

–______________ s’appelle Marie ? Oui, Marie est professeur à l’université. Et Robert ? ______________ est prof aussi ?


Question 3d(ii)

– Bonjour professeur, ______________ êtes de Paris? Non je suis pas de France, je suis québécois.


Question 3d(iii)

– Les étudiantes de la classe sont très intelligentes. N’est-ce pas? Oui, ______________ sont très intelligentes.


E. Un peu de description.

To describe Oneself, you might want to use adjectives such as “intelligent” (intelligent) ou “grand” (tall). In French, the adjectives will always agree in gender with the noun or subject they describe. For example: “Marie est grande” but “Robert est grand”

They also agree in number: “Marie et Lea sont grandes” and “Robert et Marie sont grands” To summarize:

Screen Shot 2018-06-25 at 11.21.22 AM.png

There are many adjectives in French which are already spelled with an “e” at the end such as “populaire” (popular) or “frivole”(frivolous). For those, you do not have to add an “e” on an existing “e”, unless it is an accented “e” such as partagé(e) (shared) (see picture below).


Image provided by author

Some adjectives are irregular such as “gentil” which in feminine form will become “gentile” but some irregular have similar patterns as detailed in the following tables:

Screen Shot 2018-06-25 at 11.22.03 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-06-25 at 11.22.34 AM.png

Observe this advertising on a Parisian bus:

1.png


Question 3e(i)

Which adjective is the masculine an form of "joyful"? Masculine: ______________

Question 3e (ii)

What would be the feminine form of "joyful"? Feminine: ______________

Question 3e (iii)

Which adjective is the masculine an form of "generous"? Masculine: ______________

Question 3e(iv)

What would be the feminine form of "generous"? Feminine: ______________


Pratiquons plus...

Description: 1-
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

With the help of your vocabulary list at the end of this chapter, look at the pictures below or the vocabulary page 10 and choose a characteristic you think describe them best (use « il est…. » or « elle est…. »).

Image courtesy of



Wikimedia under CC0 Creative Commons​


2-

With the help of your vocabulary list at the end of this chapter, look at the pictures below or the vocabulary page 10 and choose a characteristic you think describe them best (use « il est…. » or « elle est…. »).

Image courtesy of the public domain.​
3-

With the help of your vocabulary list at the end of this chapter, look at the pictures below or the vocabulary page 10 and choose a characteristic you think describe them best (use « il est…. » or « elle est…. »).

image courtesy of Wikimedia under CC0



Creative Commons
4-

With the help of your vocabulary list at the end of this chapter, look at the pictures below or the vocabulary page 10 and choose a characteristic you think describe them best (use « il est…. » or « elle est…. »).

image courtesy of Wikimedia under CC0



Creative Commons


Question 3e(ii)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Et toi, tu es comment? Je suis ______________ / je ne suis pas ______________


Question 3e(iii)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Et tes parents? ______________


Question 3e(iv)
No correct answers: No correct answer has been set for this question

Et tes professseurs? ______________


F- Définitions: 

Which adjective from the list can be associated with the following definitions :

Question 3f (i)

Une personne qui mesure 2 mètres et qui joue au basket: Elle est ______________.


Question 3f (ii)

Une personne qui étudie 4 heures et qui a des notes A+ : Elle est ______________.


Question 3f (iii)

Une personne qui est vicieuse et calculatrice et qui fait du mal : Elle est ______________.


Question 3f (iv)

Une personne qui parle difficilement et déteste les présentations publiques : Elle est ______________.


Question 3f (v)

Un homme qui a une belle destinée et qui va bien : Il est ______________.


Question 3f (vi)

Un homme qui fait des donations de millions de dollars à des charités : Il est______________.


Question 3f (vii)

Un homme qui pardonne les erreurs et qui a de la compassion : Il est ______________ .


Question 3f (viii)

Un homme qui n’est pas grand: Il est ______________ .


4. LES NUMEROS

A. Les numéros. 

Below are the numbers from 0-50 in French.

Listen to this AUDIO file to pratice your french pronunciation with numbers: 


B. Chiffres 0-100:

Write the numbers that correspond to the words.

Question 4b(i)

seize ______________


Question 4b(ii)

douze ______________


Question 4b(iii)

vingt et un ______________


Question 4b(iv)

quinze ______________


Question 4b(v)

trente-huit ______________


Question 4b(vi)

quarante-sept ______________


Question 4b(vii)

Quatre-vingt onze ______________


Question 4b(viii)

trente-quatre ______________


Question 4b(ix)

Treize ______________


Question 4b(x)

cinquante-sept ______________


Question 4b(xi)

Soixante-quatre ______________


Question 4b(xii)

Soixante-quatorze ______________


Question 4b(xiii)

quatre-vingt neuf ______________


Question 4b(xiv)

dix-huit ______________


Question 4b(xv)

cent-dix ______________


C. Ecoutez: Listen and write the number (not in letters) you hear.

Question 1

Write the number you hear

Question 2

Write the number you hear

Question 3

Write the number you hear

Question 4

Write the number you hear

Question 5

Write the number you hear


5. LES QUESTIONS

A- NOTE GRAMMATICALE : 

Forming questions (3 methods)




Read the following conversation with a partner:

Marie: Bonjour, je m’appelle Marie. Et toi? Comment t’appelles-tu? Tu es étudiante ?
Léa: Je m’appelle Léa. Je suis étudiante sur le campus. Et toi, où est-ce que tu habites ?
Marie: J’habite sur le campus aussi. Comment sont tes classes ?
Léa: Bien, les maths sont intéressants.
Marie: Pourquoi ?
Léa: Parce que la prof est très intéressante.
Marie: Qui est ta prof ?
Léa: Elle s’appelle Madame Dupont!
Marie: Quand étudies-tu les maths?
Léa: Tous les week-end !
Marie: Combien d’heures est-ce que tu étudies?
Léa: 4 ou 5 heures.
Marie : Bravo, tu es sérieuse, c’est beaucoup !
Léa: Et toi, quelle est ta classe préférée ?
Marie : Moi, c’est l’histoire, c’est fascinant !

Click on the questions in the dialogue which exemplify each method:

1- Find the questions in the dialogue which exemplify each method

Method 1: Using “est-ce que”

Find the questions in the dialogue which exemplify each method:

Method 2: Raise your voice

Find the questions in the dialogue which exemplify each method:

Method 3: Inversion method


B. Que sais-tu ? 

What do you know. Looking at the previous paragraph, try to match the question word with its corresponding translation. No worries if you do not know them all.

Que sais-tu ?

What do you know. Looking at the previous paragraph, try to match the question word with its corresponding translation. No worries if you do not know them all.

Premise
Response
1

Que

A

how

2

Comment

B

what

3

C

where

4

Quand

D

why

5

Combien (singular)

E

How many

6

Qui

F

who

7

Pourquoi

G

How much

8

Combien (plural)

H

when

9

Quel

I

Which

Using 5 of those question words, go around your classroom and ask 5 different questions to your classmates and answer the one from your classmates.


C. Questions/réponses. 

Write the question word missing in the blank (the answer to the question is also given to give you a hint):

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6- La classe:

A. Vocabulaire : 

La salle de classe -Sélectionnez/encerclez la réponse correcte et lisez la phrase entière.

(Choose between the two vocabulary options, read the vocabulary in the yellow boxes first, you will need to especially look at the commands list to find out what the verbs mean)

Question 6a(1)

Les étudiants étudient avec (with) ______________

A

le livre

B

la chaise.


Question 6a(2)

Au tableau, le professeur utilise ______________ .

A

le stylo

B

la porte


Question 6a(3)

J’ouvre ______________ pour de l’air frais.

A

la fenêtre

B

l’ordinateur


Question 6a(4)

Ecrivez avec ______________ .

A

l’horloge

B

le papier


Question 6a(5)

L’étudiant parle au ______________.

A

stylo

B

téléphone


Question 6a(6)

La porte est ______________.

A

répétée

B

fermée


Question 6a(7)

Les étudiants écoutent ______________.

A

le professeur

B

les devoirs


Question 6a(8)

Ouvrez

A

les livres

B

crayons


Question 6a(9)

Fermez les ______________.

A

ordinateurs

B

tables


Question 6a(10)

Allez au ______________ !

A

note

B

tableau


Question 6a(11)

Les devoirs sont sur (on) le ______________.

A

bureau

B

crayon


Question 6a(12)

______________ est un A+.

A

Le papier

B

la note


Question 6a(13)

Les ______________ sont difficiles.

A

devoirs

B

chaises


Question 6a(14)

Le ______________ ne fonctionne pas.

A

stylo

B

note


Question 6a(15)

Les étudiants parlent avec le ______________.

A

professeur

B

table


B. Note Grammaticale 

– le genre masculin et féminin.

In French, not only people but things have a gender. As you noticed in the previous exercise, some things are feminine such as “table” but others are masculine such as “stylo”. The definite article “the” changes depending on the gender so “the table” is “la table” and “the desk”, “le stylo”. When a noun starts with a vowel like “étudiant” or an “h” like “horloge”, the definite article is “l’” since the “h in French is a silent letter. Also in the plural form, the definite articles “le” and “la” become ”les” for both feminine and masculine nouns. Looks at the table below: 

Note: when a word starts with a vowel you cannot tell its gender, also when the article is plural as the plural feminin and masculin are the same "les".


C- Which definite article?

Looking at the definite article only, indicate if the noun is masculine (m), feminine (f), or if you cannot tell (?).

Question 6c(1)

Le tableau

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(2)

Les bureaux

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(3)

Le papier

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(4)

La chaise

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(5)

Les profs

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(6)

L’étudiante

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(7)

Le livre

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(8)

Les étudiantes

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(9)

Les portes

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


Question 6c(10)

L’étudiant

A

masculine (m)

B

feminine (f)

C

you cannot tell (?)


D. Vrai / Faux. 

Qu’est-ce qu’il y a dans la classe ? look at this french classroom and determine if the following statements are True (Vrais) or False (Faux):

Ecole_-_Salle_de_Classe_2-1.jpg
Image courtes of Wikimedia Commons under CC BY-SA 3.0
Question 6d(1)

Il y a une horloge dans la classe.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(2)

Il y a cinquante bureaux.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(3)

Les bureaux sont confortables et grands.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(4)

il y a un tableau.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(5)

il n’y a pas de porte.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(6)

il y a trois profs.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(7)

il y a quarante-deux étudiants.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(8)

il n’y a pas de fenêtres.

A

Vrai

B

Faux

Question 6d(9)

Les étudiants parlent au téléphone en classe.

A

Vrai

B

Faux


REVIEW: Now that you have completed all the activities, let’s review the vocabulary. Using the power point (in Tophat) for this chapter, try to guess the word (from your vocabulary lists) associated with the image (class can be split into two competing groups).

7. CULTURE. L’euro

Image courtesy of wikipedia under CC BY 3.0​


Image provided by author

L'euro (€) est la monnaie de l'union économique et monétaire, formée au sein de l'Union européenne ; elle est commune à dix-neuf États membres de l'Union européenne qui forment ainsi la zone euro. Quatre micro-États (Andorre, Monaco, Saint-Marin et le Vatican) sont également autorisés à utiliser l'euro, ainsi que deux pays européens nonmembres, le Monténégro et le Kosovo qui l'utilisent de facto. D'autres pays ont leurs monnaies nationales liées à l'euro (Bénin, Bosnie- Herzégovine, Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Cap-Vert, Comores, Congo (Brazzaville), Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinée équatoriale, Guinée-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nouvelle- Calédonie, République centrafricaine, Sao Tomé-et-Principe, Sénégal, Tchad, Togo).

En usage dès 1999 pour les transactions financières européennes, il est mis en circulation le 1er janvier 2002 sous sa forme fiduciaire. Il succède à l'ECU, « l'unité de compte européenne »mise en service en 1979. L'euro est la deuxième monnaie au monde pour le montant des transactions, derrière le dollar américain et devant le yuan chinois. Depuis octobre 2006, elle est la première monnaie au monde pour la quantité de billets en circulation; fin 2013, 956 milliards d'euros sont en circulation. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euro

A. Un peu de culture.

Test your knowledge of the European Union world by selecting the correct answer in the statements below. Once you are done, we’ll look at this information together.

Image courtesy



of pixabay under CC0 Creative Commons​


Question 7a(1)

The capital of Belgium is ______________.

A

Bruges

B

Brussels

C

Prague

D

Berlin


Question 7a(2)

The population of France is ______________ .

A

< 30 million

B

>> 30 million < 40 million

C

>> 40 million < 50 million

D

>> 50 million


Question 7a(3)

The official languages in Switzerland are ______________.

A

French, German, Italian

B

French, German, Romansh, Italian

C

French, German, English, Italian

D

French, German, English


Question 7a(4)

The alps are not in ______________.

A

France

B

Germany

C

Spain

D

Slovenia


Question 7a(5)

France is about the same geographical size as ______________ .

A

Vermont

B

Texas

C

Pennsylvania

D

Montana


Question 7a(6)

The number of countries members of the EU now is ______________ .

A

less than 20

B

between 20-30

C

between 30-40

D

More than 40


Question 7a(7)

European countries started to cooperate economically in ______________ .

A

1988

B

1951

C

1991

D

1932


Question 7a(8)

______________ is NOT part of the EU

A

Poland

B

Greece

C

Tunisia

D

Romania


B. Video. 

Watch the following video https://www.1jour1actu.com/info-animee/pourquoi-on-a-cree-leurope/ clip about Europe and try to answer the following questions :

Image courtesy of Wikimedia under CC



BY 3.0



L’Union Européenne - UE :

Question 7b(1)

When was the EU created?


Question 7b(2)

How many were first part of the EU?


Question 7b(3)

Do European citizens vote in the EU ?


C. Chantons. 

Find online and listen to the song «Je suis chez moi» de black M and fill in the missing words in the lyrics below.

Question 7c(i)

Tout le monde me regarde A travers mon innocence je pense qu'ils me charment Ma maîtresse d'école ma dit que j'étais chez ______________ Mais mon papa lui pourtant se méfie d'elle, est-elle fidèle ?

Question 7c(ii)

La France est ______________ , est ... Mais elle me regarde de haut comme la Tour Eiffel Mes parents m'ont pas mis au monde pour toucher les aides J'ai vu que Marion m'a twitté d'quoi elle se mêle ? Je sais qu'elle m'aime

Question 7c(iii)

REFRAIN (2) Je ______________ français Ils veulent pas que Marianne soit ma fiancée Peut-être parce-qu'ils me trouvent trop foncé Laisse moi juste l'invitée à danser J'vais l'ambiancer

Question 7c(iv)

J'paye mes impôts ______________ J'pensais pas qu'l'amour pouvait être un combat A la base j'voulais juste lui rendre un hommage J'suis tiraillé comme mon grand-père ils le savent, c'est dommage

Question 7c(v)

______________ Marianne, j'préfère ne rien voir comme Hamadou et Mariam J't'invite à manger un bon mafé d'chez ma tata Je sais qu'un jour tu me déclareras ta flamme, aïe aïe aïe

Question 7c(vi)

REFRAIN (2) Je suis chez ______________ (x13)

Question 7c(vii)

REFRAIN (2)

Je ______________noir Je suis beurre Je suis jaune Je suis blanc

Question 7c(viii)

Je suis un être humain comme ______________ Je suis chez moi

Question 2-2(ix)

Fier d'être ______________ d'origine guinéenne Fier d'être le fils de monsieur Diallo Éternellement insatisfait, à suivre.


Vocabulaire pour accompagner le chapitre

Vocabulaire de la classe

Subject Pronouns

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Conjugaison ETRE

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Interrogative Words

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OTHER EXPRESSIONS

Les Adjectifs