American Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
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Question pack on American civil liberties and civil rights.
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The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution because ____________.
key states refused to ratify the Constitution unless it was added
Alexander Hamilton believed it was necessary
it was part of the Articles of Confederation
it was originally part of the Declaration of Independence
An example of a right explicitly protected by the Constitution as drafted at the Constitutional Convention is the ____________.
right to free speech
right to keep and bear arms
right to a writ of habeas corpus
right not to be subjected to cruel and unusual punishment
The Fourteenth Amendment was critically important for civil liberties because it ____________.
guaranteed freed slaves the right to vote
helped start the process of selective incorporation of the Bill of Rights
allowed the states to continue to enact black codes
Which of the following provisions is not part of the First Amendment?
the right to keep and bear arms
the right to peaceably assemble
the right to free speech
the protection of freedom of religion
The Third Amendment can be thought of as ____________.
reinforcing the right to keep and bear arms guaranteed by the Second Amendment
ensuring the right to freedom of the press
forming part of a broader conception of privacy in the home that is also protected by the Second and Fourth Amendments
strengthening the right to a jury trial in criminal cases
The Fourth Amendment’s requirement for a warrant ____________.
applies only to searches of the home
applies only to the seizure of property as evidence
does not protect people who rent or lease property
does not apply when there is a serious risk that evidence will be destroyed before a warrant can be issued
The Supreme Court case known as Kelo v. City of New London was controversial because it ____________.
allowed greater use of the power of eminent domain
regulated popular ride-sharing services like Lyft and Uber
limited the application of the death penalty
made it harder for police to use evidence obtained without a warrant
Which of the following rights is not protected by the Sixth Amendment?
the right to trial by an impartial jury
the right to cross-examine witnesses in a trial
the right to remain silent
the right to a speedy trial
The double jeopardy rule in the Bill of Rights forbids which of the following?
prosecuting someone in a state court for a criminal act he or she had been acquitted of in federal court
prosecuting someone in federal court for a criminal act he or she had been acquitted of in a state court
suing someone for damages for an act the person was found not guilty of
none of these options
The Supreme Court has decided that the death penalty ____________.
is always cruel and unusual punishment
is never cruel and unusual punishment
may be applied only to acts of terrorism
may not be applied to those who were under 18 when they committed a crime
Which of the following rights is not explicitly protected by some state constitutions?
the right to hunt
the right to privacy
the right to polygamous marriage
the right to a free public education
The right to privacy has been controversial for all the following reasons except ____________.
it is not explicitly included in the Constitution or Bill of Rights
it has been interpreted to protect women’s right to have an abortion
it has been used to overturn laws that have substantial public support
most U.S. citizens today believe the government should be allowed to outlaw birth control
Which of the following rules has the Supreme Court said is an undue burden on the right to have an abortion?
Women must make more than one visit to an abortion clinic before the procedure can be performed.
Minors must gain the consent of a parent or judge before seeking an abortion.
Women must notify their spouses before having an abortion.
Women must be informed of the health consequences of having an abortion.
A major difference between most European countries and the United States today is____________.
most Europeans don’t use technologies that can easily be tracked
laws in Europe more strictly regulate how government officials can use tracking technology
there are more legal restrictions on how the U.S. government uses tracking technology than in Europe
companies based in Europe don’t have to comply with U.S. privacy laws
A group of African American students believes a college admissions test that is used by a public university discriminates against them. What legal standard would the courts use in deciding their case?
rational basis test
The equal protection clause became part of the Constitution as a result of ____________.
the Fourteenth Amendment
Which of the following types of discrimination would be subject to the rational basis test?
A law that treats men differently from women
An action by a state governor that treats Asian Americans differently from other citizens
A law that treats whites differently from other citizens
A law that treats 10-year-olds differently from 28-year-olds
The Supreme Court decision ruling that “separate but equal” was constitutional and allowed racial segregation to take place was ____________.
Brown v. Board of Education
Plessy v. Ferguson
Loving v. Virginia
Shelley v. Kraemer
The 1965 Selma-to-Montgomery march was an important milestone in the civil rights movement because it____________.
vividly illustrated the continued resistance to black civil rights in the Deep South
did not encounter any violent resistance
led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
was the first major protest after the death of Martin Luther King, Jr.
At the world’s first women’s rights convention in 1848, the most contentious issue proved to be ____________.
the right to education for women
suffrage for women
access to the professions for women
greater property rights for women
How did NAWSA differ from the NWP?
NAWSA worked to win votes for women on a state-by-state basis while the NWP wanted an amendment added to the Constitution.
NAWSA attracted mostly middle-class women while NWP appealed to the working class.
The NWP favored more confrontational tactics like protests and picketing while NAWSA circulated petitions and lobbied politicians.
The NWP sought to deny African Americans the vote, but NAWSA wanted to enfranchise all women.
The doctrine that people who do jobs that require the same level of skill, training, or education are thus entitled to equal pay is known as ____________.
the glass ceiling
The Trail of Tears is the name given to the forced removal of this tribe from Georgia to Oklahoma.
AIM was ____________.
a federal program that returned control of Native American education to tribal governments
a radical group of Native American activists who occupied the settlement of Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge Reservation
an attempt to reduce the size of reservations
a federal program to give funds to Native American tribes to help their members open small businesses that would employ tribal members
Mexican American farm workers in California organized _________ to demand higher pay from their employers.
the bracero program
the United Farm Workers union
the Mattachine Society
Which of the following best describes attitudes toward Asian immigrants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries?
Asian immigrants were welcomed to the United States and swiftly became financially successful.
Asian immigrants were disliked by whites who feared competition for jobs, and several acts of Congress sought to restrict immigration and naturalization of Asians.
Whites feared Asian immigrants because Japanese and Chinese Americans were often disloyal to the U.S. government.
Asian immigrants got along well with whites but not with Mexican Americans or African Americans.