A Nation on the Move: Westward Expansion, 1800–1860
A Nation on the Move: Westward Expansion, 1800–1860

A Nation on the Move: Westward Expansion, 1800–1860

Lead Author(s): Openstax Content

Source: OpenStax

Student Price: FREE

A question pack on on Western expansion including the Jefferson era.

11.1

As a result of the Adams-Onís Treaty, the United States gained which territory from Spain?

A

Florida

B

New Mexico

C

California

D

Nevada

11.2

The Long Expedition established a short-lived republic in Texas known as .

A

the Lone Star Republic

B

the Republic of Texas

C

Columbiana

D

the Republic of Fredonia

11.3

For what purposes did Thomas Jefferson send Lewis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Territory? What did he want them to accomplish?

11.4

A proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves to Missouri following its admission to the United States was made by .

A

John C. Calhoun

B

Henry Clay

C

James Tallmadge

D

John Quincy Adams

11.5

To balance votes in the Senate, was admitted to the Union as a free state at the same time that Missouri was admitted as a slave state.

A

Florida

B

Maine

C

New York

D

Arkansas

11.6

Why did the Missouri Crisis trigger threats of disunion and war? Identify the positions of both southern slaveholders and northern opponents of the spread of slavery.

11.7

Texas won its independence from Mexico in .

A

1821

B

1830

C

1836

D

1845

11.8

Texans defeated the army of General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna at the battle of .

A

the Alamo

B

San Jacinto

C

Nacogdoches

D

Austin

11.9

How did Texas settlers’ view of Mexico and its people contribute to the history of Texas in the 1830s?

11.10

Which of the following was not a reason the United States was reluctant to annex Texas?

A

The United States did not want to fight a war with Mexico.

B

Annexing Texas would add more slave territory to the United States and anger abolitionists.

C

Texans considered U.S. citizens inferior and did not want to be part of their country.

D

Adding Texas would upset the balance between free and slave states in Congress.

11.11

According to treaties signed in 1818 and 1827, with which country did the United States jointly occupy Oregon?

A

Great Britain

B

Spain

C

Mexico

D

France

11.12

During the war between the United States and Mexico, revolts against U.S. control broke out in .

A

Florida and Texas

B

New Mexico and California

C

California and Texas

D

Florida and California

11.13

Why did whites in California dislike the Chinese so much?

11.14

The practice of allowing residents of territories to decide whether their land should be slave or free was called .

A

the democratic process

B

the Wilmot Proviso

C

popular sovereignty

D

the Free Soil solution

11.15

Which of the following was not a provision of the Compromise of 1850?

A

California was admitted as a free state.

B

Slavery was abolished in Washington, DC.

C

A stronger fugitive slave law was passed.

D

Residents of New Mexico and Utah were to decide for themselves whether their territories would be slave or free.

11.16

Describe the events leading up to the formation of the Free-Soil Party.

11.17

Consider the role of filibusters in American expansion. What are some arguments in favor of filibustering? What are some arguments against it?

11.18

What are the economic and political issues raised by having an imbalance between free and slave states? Why did the balance of free and slave states matter?

11.19

How did Anglo-American settlers in Texas see themselves? Did they adopt a Mexican identity because they were living in Mexican territory? Why or why not?

11.20

Consider the annexation of Texas and the Mexican-American War from a Mexican perspective. What would you find objectionable about American actions, foreign policy, and attitudes in the 1840s?

11.21

Describe the place of Texas in the history of American westward expansion by comparing Texas’s early history to the Missouri Crisis in 1819–1820. What are the similarities and what are the differences?

11.22

Consider the arguments over the expansion of slavery made by both northerners and southerners in the aftermath of the U.S. victory over Mexico. Who had the more compelling case? Or did each side make equally significant arguments?